For the IELTS exam, the IELTS reading answers are quite important. While studying for the IELTS exam, you should read a variety of passages to get a sense of the types of passages that may appear on the exam.
For the IELTS exam, you must concentrate on the passages so that you can answer the questions that follow the paragraph in the allotted time. Here are some roller coaster reading answers to get you started with IELTS reading responses practice.
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Roller Coaster Reading Answers
A synopsis of a paragraph from the reading text is provided below.
For each response, use no more than two words to complete the summary.
Fill in boxes 5-10 on your answer sheet with your answers.
The first roller coaster was perhaps originated from Russia which is wrapped up by 5……………………, which was introduced into France, and it was modified to 6…………………… because the temperature there would 7……………………the ice. This time 8…………………… were installed on the board. In America, the first roller
coaster was said to appear in Pennsylvania, it was a railroad that was designed to send
9…………………… between two mountains. Josiah White turned it into a thrill ride, it was also called switch backtrack and a 10…………………… there allowed riders to slide down back again.
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IELTS Reading Answers
|1. chain||8. wheels|
|2. loop||9. coal|
|3. gear||10. steam engine|
|4. (simple) motor||11. NOT GIVEN|
|5. ice||12. YES|
|6. waxed slides||13. YES|
|7. melt||14. NO|
IELTS Reading Passage
600 years ago, roller coaster pioneers never would have imagined the advancements that have been made to create the roller coasters of today. The tallest and fastest roller coaster in the world is the Kingda Ka, a coaster in New Jersey that launches its passengers from zero to 128 miles per hour in 3.5 seconds (most sports cars take over four seconds to get to just 60 miles per hour).
It then heaves its riders skyward at a 90-degree angle (straight up) until it reaches a height of 456 feet, over one and a half football fields, above the ground, before dropping another 418 feet (Coaster Grotto “Kingda Ka”).
With that said, roller coasters are about more than just speed and height, they are about the creativity of the designers that build them, each coaster having its unique way of producing intense thrills at a lesser risk than the average car ride.
Roller coasters have evolved drastically over the years, from their primitive beginnings as Russian ice slides, to the metal monsters of today. Their combination of creativity and structural elements make them one of the purest forms of architecture.
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At first glance, a roller coaster is something like a passenger train. It consists of a series of connected cars that move on tracks. But unlike a passenger train, a roller coaster has no engine or power source of its own.
For most of the ride, the train is moved by gravity and momentum. To build up this momentum, you need to get the train to the top of the first hill or give it a powerful launch. The traditional lifting mechanism is a long length of chain running up the hill under the track.
The chain is fastened in a loop, which is wound around a gear at the top of the hill and another one at the bottom of the hill. The gear at the bottom of the hill is turned by a simple motor.
This turns the chain loop so that it continually moves up the hill like a long conveyor belt. The coaster cars grip onto the chain with several chain dogs, sturdy hinged hooks. When the train rolls to the bottom of the hill, the dogs catch onto the chain links.
Once the chain dog is hooked, the chain simply pulls the train to the top of the hill. At the summit, the chain dog is released and the train starts its descent down the hill.
Roller coasters have a long, fascinating history.
The direct ancestors of roller coasters were monumental ice slides – long, steep wooden slides covered in ice, some as high as 70 feet – that were popular in Russia in the 16th and 17th centuries.
Riders shot down the slope in sledges made out of wood or blocks of ice, crash-landing in a sand pile. Coaster historians diverge on the exact evolution of these ice slides into actual rolling carts.
The most widespread account is that a few entrepreneurial Frenchmen imported the ice slide idea to France. The warmer climate of France tended to melt the ice, so the French started building waxed slides instead, eventually adding wheels to the sledges.
In 1817, the Russes a Belleville (Russian Mountains of Belleville) became the first roller coaster where the train was attached to the track (in this case, the train axle fit into a carved groove). The French continued to expand on this idea, coming up with more complex track layouts, with multiple cars and all sorts of twists and turns.
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In comparison to the world’s first roller coaster, there is perhaps an even greater debate over what was America’s first true coaster. Many will say that it is Pennsylvania’s own Maunch Chunk-Summit Hill and Switch Back Railroad.
The Maunch Chunk-Summit Hill and Switch Back Railroad was originally America’s second railroad and is considered by many to be the greatest coaster of all time.
Located in the Lehigh Valley, it was originally used to transport coal from the top of Mount Pisgah to the bottom of Mount Jefferson, until Josiah White, a mining entrepreneur, had the idea of turning it into a part-time thrill ride. Because of its immediate popularity, it soon became strictly a passenger train.
A steam engine would haul passengers to the top of the mountain, before letting them coast back down, with speeds rumoured to reach 100 miles per hour! The reason that it was called a switchback railroad, was a switch backtrack was located at the top – where the steam engine would let the riders coast back down.
This type of track featured a dead end where the steam engine would detach its cars, allowing riders to coast down backwards. The railway went through a couple of minor track changes and name changes over the years but managed to last from 1829 to 1937, over 100 years.
The coaster craze in America was just starting to build. The creation of the SwitchBack Railway, by La Marcus Thompson, gave roller coasters national attention. Originally built at New York’s Coney Island in 1884, SwitchBack Railways began popping up all over the country.
IELTS Exam Preparation
Candidates must cover a list of topics for each module of the IELTS test to prepare for the test. There are some topics and subjects in each section that you should thoroughly prepare for. You can look over the above post and make a list of all the things you need to cover to prepare for the IELTS.
It is not difficult to achieve a decent IELTS score if you have a strong command of the English language. Furthermore, with preparation, one can increase one’s band score. Candidates should establish a goal score for themselves to qualify for the institution to which they are applying.
There are two methods for preparing for the IELTS exam: self-study and attending coaching classes. It is up to you to decide which option is best for you based on your language skills and comfort level.
You do not need to attend coaching lessons if you are already fluent in English; you can prepare for the exam on your own. All you have to do now is figure out when to begin studying for the IELTS exam.
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