If you want to ace the IELTS reading answers section of the IELTS exam, you should do the IELTS preparation in the right direction. You should go through multiple recent IELTS passages and try giving their answers so that you get prepared for the examination. You are required to give the answers within time which can be done with a great level of practice and concentration. So, let’s check out the IELTS passage on how to spot a liar reading answers.
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How to Spot a Liar Reading Answers: IELTS Reading Answers
However much we may abhor it, deception comes naturally to all living things. Birds do it by feigning injury to lead hungry predators away from nesting young. Spider crabs do it by disguise: adorning themselves with strips of kelp and other debris, they pretend to be something they are not – and so escape their enemies.
Nature amply rewards successful deceivers by allowing them to survive long enough to mate and reproduce. So it may come as no surprise to learn that human beings- who, according to psychologist Gerald Johnson of the University of South California, or lied to about 200 times a day, roughly one untruth every 5 minutes- often deceive for the same reasons: to save their skins or to get something they can’t get by other means.
How to Spot a Liar Reading Answers: IELTS Reading Answers Part Two
But knowing how to catch deceit can be just as important a survival skill as knowing how to tell a lie and get away with it. A person able to spot falsehood quickly is unlikely to be swindled by an unscrupulous business associate or hoodwinked by a devious spouse.
Luckily, nature provides more than enough clues to trap dissemblers in their own tangled webs- if you know where to look. By closely observing facial expressions, body language, and tone of voice, practically anyone can recognize the tell-tale signs of lying.
Researchers are even programming computers – like those used on Lie Detector -to get at the truth by analyzing the same physical cues available to the naked eye and ear. “With the proper training, many people can learn to reliably detect lies,” says Paul Ekman, professor of psychology at the University of California, San Francisco, who has spent the past 15 years studying the secret art of deception.
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How to Spot a Liar Reading Answers: IELTS Reading Answers Part Three
To know what kind of Lies work best, successful liars need to accurately assess other people’s emotional states. Ackman’s research shows that this same emotional intelligence is essential for good lie detectors, too. The emotional state to watch out for is stress, the conflict most liars feel between the truth and what they say and do.
Even high-tech lie detectors don’t detect lies as such; they merely detect the physical cues of emotions, which may or may not correspond to what the person being tested is saying. Polygraphs, for instance, measure respiration, heart rate, and skin conductivity, which tend to increase when people are nervous – as they usually are when lying.
Nervous people typically perspire, and the salts contained in perspiration conduct electricity. That’s why a sudden leap in skin conductivity indicates nervousness -about getting caught, perhaps -which makes, in turn, suggest that someone is being economical with the truth. On the other hand, it might also mean the lights on the television.
Studios are too hot- which is one reason polygraph tests are inadmissible in court. “Good lie detectors don’t rely on a single thing,” says Ekma, but interpret clusters of verbal and non-verbal clues that suggest someone might be lying.”
How to Spot a Liar Reading Answers: IELTS Reading Answers Part Four
The clues are written all over the face. Because the musculature of the face is directly connected to the areas of the brain that processes emotion, the countenance can be a window to the soul.
Neurological studies even suggest that genuine emotions travel different pathways through the brain than insincere ones. If a patient paralyzed by a stroke on one side of the face, for example, is asked to smile deliberately, only the mobile side of the mouth is raised.
But tell that same person a funny joke, and the patient breaks into a full and spontaneous smile. Very few people -most notably, actors and politicians- can consciously control all of their facial expressions. Lies can often be caught when the liar’s true feelings briefly leak through the mask of deception. We don’t think before we feel, Ekman says. “Expressions tend to show up on the face before we’re even conscious of experiencing an emotion.”
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How to Spot a Liar Reading Answers: IELTS Reading Answers Part Five
One of the most difficult facial expressions to fake- or conceal, if it’s genuinely felt – is sadness. When someone is truly sad, the forehead wrinkles with grief, and the inner corners of the eyebrows are pulled up.
Fewer than 15% of the people Ekman tested were able to produce this eyebrow movement voluntarily. By contrast, the lowering of the eyebrows associated with an angry scowl can be replicated at will but almost everybody. “If someone claims they are sad and the inner corners of their eyebrows don’t go up, Ekman says, the sadness is probably false.”
How to Spot a Liar Reading Answers: IELTS Reading Answers Part Six
The smile, on the other hand, is one of the easiest facial expressions to counterfeit. It takes just two muscles -the zygomaticus major muscles that extend from the cheekbones to the corners of the lips- to produce a grin. But there’s a catch.
A genuine smile affects not only the corners of the lips but also the orbicularis oculi, the muscle around the eye that produces the distinctive “crow’s feet” associated with people who laugh a lot.
A counterfeit grin can be unmasked if the corners of the lips go up, the eyes crinkle, but the inner corners of the eyebrows are not lowered, a movement controlled by the orbicularis oculi that are difficult to fake. The absence of lowered eyebrows is one reason why the smile looks so strained and stiff.
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Questions Related to IELTS Reading Passage
Question Number 1
Following are a few statements given from the passage above. You have to check the answers from the passage and write them correctly.
#1. ______________, for instance, measure respiration, heart rate and skin conductivity.
#2. A genuine smile affects not only the corners of the lips but also the _______________.
Answer: orbicularis oculi
#3. “With the proper training, many people can learn to reliably detect lies,” says ______________
Answer: Paul Ekman
#4. “If someone claims they are sad and the inner corners of their eyebrows don’t go up, ______________ says.
#5. Fewer than ______________ of the people Ekman tested were able to produce this eyebrow movement voluntarily.
Question Number 2
Look at the statements below and after reading them, write TRUE or FALSE in front of them.
TRUE – If the statement agrees with the information that is given above in the passage.
FALSE – If the statement disagrees with the information that is given above in the passage.
#1. Paul Ekman, professor of psychology at the University of Cambridge, San Francisco, has spent the past 16 years studying the secret art of deception.
#2. By closely observing facial expressions, body language, and tone of voice, practically anyone can recognize the tell-tale signs of lying.
#3. The presence of lowered eyebrows is one reason why the smile looks so strained and stiff.
#4. Deception comes naturally to all living things.
#5. Ackman’s research shows that this same emotional intelligence is essential for good lie detectors, too.
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We hope that this article has given you complete knowledge about the IELTS reading answers for your IELTS preparation. You have to be greatly focused during the IELTS preparation to get the complete information regarding the IELTS exam.
You must have a look at different reading answers to perform at your best during the examination. If you want to grab more information regarding the IELTS exam, you must visit the IELTS Ninja website where all your IELTS preparation will be done under the guidance of the best experts. You can also comment below if you want to ask or share something. Good luck with the exam.