The most crucial module of the IELTS test is reading. You may find a sample IELTS Academic question regarding coral reefs here. The reading section is divided into three sections with a total of 40 questions to be answered in 60 minutes. Each section is 500-700 words long.

These paragraphs are culled from journals, periodicals, and newspapers, as well as academic publications. The majority of the themes are of broad interest and educational value. Let’s have a look at the article to learn more about the topic. Also, keep an eye out for IELTS preparation advice.

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Coral Reefs Reading Answers

Question 1: Do the claims in the following paragraphs correspond with the facts in reading passage 1?

Write True in boxes 1-7 on your response sheet if the assertion matches the data.

If the assertion contradicts the information, the answer is False.

If there is no evidence on this, it will not be given.

Coral-reef gleaning is usually done by men in most regions.

Women’s status is elevated when they work in coral reef-based occupations.

For young children, coral reefs provide invaluable learning opportunities.

Ulithi Atoll’s women have some say in how fish catches are distributed.

On Yap Island, boats for the residents of Ulithi are being built.

Only male traders can apply for funding in coral reef fisheries.

Near-shore oceans provide a more consistent source of revenue than coral reefs.

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Question 2

Fill in the blanks on the worksheet.

For each answer, choose no more than TWO WORDS from the passage.

How coral reef-based resources help people in times of adversity.

#Coral reefs can provide

a resource bank, e.g. for keeping clams and 8 ………………….

a seasonal back-up, when 9 …………………. products are insufficient,e.g. in northern Mozambique.

a tourist attraction, e.g. 10 ………………… tours in the Caribbean.

#Benefits for local people include

The creation of jobs.

Improvements to roads and 11 ………………….

#Important considerations:

Development must be based on appropriate principles.

Need for 12 ………………….

Poorly-planned development can create 13 …………………. with local fishers.

IELTS Reading Passage


A lot of people around the world are dependent, or partly dependent, on coral reefs for their livelihoods. They often live adjacent to the reef, and their livelihood revolves around the direct extraction, processing and sale of reef resources such as shellfish and seaweeds. In addition, their homes are sheltered by the shore from wave action.


Reef flats and shallow lagoons are accessible on foot, without the need for a boat, and so allow women, children and the elderly to engage directly in manual harvesting, or ‘reef-gleaning’. This is a significant factor distinguishing reef-based fisheries from near-shore sea fisheries. Near-shore fisheries are typically the domain of adult males, in particular where they involve the use of boats, with women and children restricted mainly to shore-based activities.

However, in a coral fishery, the physical accessibility of the reef opens up opportunities for direct participation by women and consequently increases their independence and the importance of their role in the community. It also provides a place for children to play, and to acquire important skills and knowledge for later in life.

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For example, in the South West Island of Tobi, in the Pacific Ocean, young boys use simple hand lines with a loop and bait at the end to develop the art of fishing on the shore. Similarly, in the Surin Islands of Thailand, young Moken boys spend much of their time playing, swimming and diving in shallow reef lagoons, and in doing so build crucial skills for their future daily subsistence.

Secondary occupations, such as fish processing and marketing activities, are often dominated by women, and offer an important survival strategy for households with access to few other physical assets (such as boats and gear), for elderly women, widows, or the wives of infirm men. On Ulithi Atoll in the western Pacific, women have a distinct role and rights in the distribution of fish catches. This is because the canoes, made from mahogany logs from nearby Yap Island, are obtained through the exchange of cloth made by the women of Ulithi.


Small-scale reef fisheries support the involvement of local women traders and their involvement can give them greater control over the household income, and in negotiating for loans or credit. Thus their role is not only important in providing income for their families, but it also underpins the economy of the local village.

Poor people with little access to land, labour and financial resources are particularly reliant on exploiting natural resources, and consequently, they are vulnerable to seasonal changes in the availability of those resources. The diversity of coral reef fisheries, combined with their physical accessibility and the protection they provide against bad weather, make them relatively stable compared with other fisheries, or land-based agricultural production.


In many places, the reef may even act as a resource bank, used as a means of saving food for future times of need. In Manus, Papua New Guinea, giant clams are collected and held in walled enclosures on the reef, until they are needed during periods of rough weather. In Palau, sea cucumbers are seldom eaten during good weather to conserve their populations for months during which rough weather prohibits good fishing.

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Coral reef resources also act as a buffer against seasonal lows in other sectors, particularly agriculture. For example, in coastal communities in northern Mozambique, reef harvests provide key sources of food and cash when agricultural production is low, with the peak in fisheries production coinciding with the period of lowest agricultural stocks. In Papua New Guinea, while agriculture is the primary means of food production, a large proportion of the coastal population engage in sporadic subsistence fishing.


In many coral-reef areas, tourism is one of the main industries bringing employment, and in many cases is promoted to provide alternatives to fisheries-based livelihoods, and to ensure that local reef resources are conserved. In the Caribbean alone, tours based on scuba-diving have attracted 20 million people in one year. The upgrading of roads and communications associated with the expansion of tourism may also bring benefits to local communities. However, development plans must be considered carefully.


The ability of the poorer members of the community to access the benefits of tourism is far from guaranteed and requires development guided by social, cultural and environmental principles. There is growing recognition that sustainability is a key requirement, as encompassed in small-scale eco-tourism activities, for instance.

Where tourism development has not been carefully planned, and the needs and priorities of the local community have not been properly recognised, the conflict has sometimes arisen between tourism and local, small-scale fishers.

IELTS Reading Answers

1. False 8. sea cucumbers
2. True 9. agricultural
3. True 10. scuba diving
4. True 11. communi­cations
5. Not Given 12. sustain­ability
6. False 13. conflict
7. False

IELTS Exam Preparation

#Before attempting to answer questions, aspirants should read the paragraph slowly and understand the subtleties of each line.

#Aspirants should practise their vocabulary and read extensive texts ahead of time to become familiar with the types of questions they will face on test day.

#To do well on the writing exam, candidates should practise writing and expressing their thoughts clearly.

#Practice should be done in a timed situation so that the candidate may get a sense of what he or she will face on test day.


Hopefully, this article has provided you with enough information to help you prepare for the IELTS exam. You should go to the IELTS Ninja website if you need more practice material for the IELTS exam in other sections. In the comments section below, you can ask any questions or share your experiences.

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