Many candidates aspire for high reading answer scores on the IELTS exam. The IELTS reading exam’s sections are famously lengthy. Candidates run the danger of squandering time if they read each line of the paragraphs. There are various effective ways for answering the most questions in the least amount of time.
Today, we will practice a reading passage topic called “The Desolenator producing clean water”. Read the paragraphs thoroughly and try to answer the given questions without looking at the answers.
The Desolenator Producing Clean Water Reading Answers Topic
Check out the sections below to learn how to solve a reading passage in a very short amount of time. Therefore, read thoroughly to learn the tricks.
Paragraph A: The Desolenator Producing Clean Water Reading Answers
Travelling around Thailand in the 1990s, William Janssen was impressed with the basic rooftop solar heating systems that were on many homes, where energy from the sun was absorbed by a plate and then used to heat water for domestic use. Two decades later Janssen developed that basic idea he saw in Southeast Asia into a portable device that uses the power from the sun to purify water.
Paragraph B: The Desolenator Producing Clean Water Reading Answers
The Desolenator operates as a mobile desalination unit that can take water from different places, such as the sea, rivers, boreholes, and rain, and purify it for human consumption. It is particularly valuable in regions where natural groundwater reserves have been polluted, or where seawater is the only water source available.
Janssen saw that there was a need for a sustainable way to clean water in both the developing and the developed countries when he moved to the United Arab Emirates and saw large-scale water processing. ‘I was confronted with the enormous carbon footprint that the Gulf nations have because of all of the desalination that they do,’ he says.
Paragraph C: The Desolenator Producing Clean Water Reading Answers
The Desolenator can produce 15 litres of drinking water per day, enough to sustain a family for cooking and drinking. Its main selling point is that, unlike standard desalination techniques, it doesn’t require a generated power supply: just sunlight.
It measures 120 cm by 90 cm, and it is easy to transport, thanks to its two wheels. Water enters through a pipe and flows as a thin film between a sheet of double glazing and the surface of a solar panel, where it is heated by the sun.
Paragraph D: The Desolenator Producing Clean Water
The warm water flows into a small boiler (heated by a solar-powered battery) where it is converted to steam. When the steam cools, it becomes distilled water. The device has a very simple filter to trap particles, and this can easily be shaken to remove them.
There are two tubes for liquid coming out: one for the waste – salt from seawater, fluoride, etc. – and another for the distilled water. The performance of the unit is shown on an LCD screen and transmitted to the company which provides services when necessary.
Paragraph E: The Desolenator Producing Clean Water
A recent analysis found that at least two-thirds of the world’s population lives with severe water scarcity for at least a month every year. Janssen says that by 2030 half of the world’s population will be living with water stress – where the demand exceeds the supply over a certain period of time. ‘It is really important that a sustainable solution is brought to the market that is able to help these people,’ he says.
Many countries ‘don’t have the money for desalination plants, which are very expensive to build. They don’t have the money to operate them, they are very maintenance intensive, and they don’t have the money to buy the diesel to run the desalination plants, so it is a really bad situation.’
Paragraph F: The Desolenator Producing Clean Water
The device is aimed at a wide variety of users – from homeowners in the developing world who do not have a constant supply of water to people living off the grid in rural parts of the US. The first commercial versions of the Desolenator are expected to be in operation in India early next year, after field tests are carried out.
The market for the self-sufficient devices in developing countries is twofold – those who cannot afford the money for the device outright and pay through microfinance, and middle-income homes that can lease their own equipment.
Paragraph G: The Desolenator Producing Clean Water Reading Answers
‘People in India don’t pay for a fridge outright; they pay for it over six months. They would put the Desolenator on their roof and hook it up to their municipal supply and they would get very reliable drinking water on a daily basis,’ Janssen says. In the developed world, it is aimed at niche markets where tap water is unavailable – for camping, on boats, or for the military, for instance.
Paragraph H: The Desolenator Producing Clean Water Reading Answers
Prices will vary according to where it is bought. In the developing world, the price will depend on what deal aid organizations can negotiate. In developed countries, it is likely to come in at $1,000 (£685) a unit, said Janssen. We are a venture with a social mission.
We are aware that the product we have envisioned is mainly finding application in the developing world and the humanitarian sector and that this is the way we will proceed. We do realize, though, that to be a viable company there is a bottom line to keep in mind,’ he says.
Paragraph I: The Desolenator Producing Clean Water Reading Answers
Prices will vary according to where it is bought. In the developing world, the price will depend on what deal aid organizations can negotiate. In developed countries, it is likely to come in at $1,000 (£685) a unit, said Janssen.
We are a venture with a social mission. We are aware that the product we have envisioned is mainly finding application in the developing world and the humanitarian sector and that this is the way we will proceed. We do realize, though, that to be a viable company there is a bottom line to keep in mind,’ he says.
Paragraph J: The Desolenator Producing Clean Water Reading Answers
The company itself is based at Imperial College London, although Janssen, its chief executive, still lives in the UAE. It has raised £340,000 in funding so far. Within two years, he says, the company aims to be selling 1,000 units a month, mainly in the humanitarian field. They are expected to be sold in areas such as Australia, northern Chile, Peru, Texas, and California.
The Desolenator Producing Clean Water IELTS Reading Answers Questions
Fill in The Gaps Questions for IELTS Reading Answers
Q. William Janssen was fascinated by the simple rooftop solar heating systems that existed on many homes in ______ in the ______, where the energy from the sun was collected by a plate and then utilised to heat water for domestic use.
Ans. Thailand, 1990s
Q. Janssen refined the fundamental idea he observed in Southeast Asia into a portable gadget that purifies water using the sun’s electricity _______ later.
Ans. two decades.
Q. The Desolenator can generate _______ of drinking water each day, which is sufficient for a family’s cooking and drinking needs.
Ans. 15 L
Q. According to a recent study, at least _______ of the global population experiences acute water scarcity at least once a year.
Vocabulary Questions for IELTS Reading Answers
Q. The synonym of irrelevant
Q. The synonym of exact
Q. The synonym of suitable
Q. The synonym of important
Q. The synonym of regret
Q. The synonym of strange
Q. The synonym of alike
Q. The antonym of castigate
Q. The antonym of bold
Q. The antonym of abundant
Q. The antonym of intrepid
Q. The antonym of tranquil
Q. The antonym of concise
Q. The antonym of inception
True or False Questions
Q. The Desolenator can generate 25 L of drinking water each day, which is sufficient for a family’s cooking and drinking needs.
Q. The unit’s performance is shown on an LCD screen and communicated to a firm that offers services as needed.
Q. According to Janssen, half of the world’s population would face water scarcity by 2025.
Q. After field testing, the first commercial variants of the Desolenator are scheduled to be operational in India early next year.
Q. In India, people do not buy refrigerators entirely; instead, they pay for them over a six-month period.
Top 10 IELTS Reading Answers Topics 2021
For more practice, you can go through these reading passage topics:
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To ace your IELTS preparation, try to practise as many reading passages as possible and try to complete as many problems as possible within the time limit in the IELTS exam. The topic in this article can be a wonderful addition to your reading preparation too.
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