The IELTS exam has different tests under it to check the complete capabilities of a candidate in English. The IELTS reading test is for testing and checking the precise reading abilities of each participant. This test is conducted for 60 minutes and you have to read the passage within it along with answering 40 questions from the passage. This could be done only when you are prepared enough for reading spheres. Your concentration must be high to acknowledge the terms or sentences used in the passage. This will help you to get answers at a higher pace. This article has a passage on driverless cars reading answers to let you understand the complete format of this exam. Read the whole article to grab the idea to read the passage within time and answer its questions diligently and prudently.
This is the prestigious exam conducted to give the flexibility to the aspirants to higher study, migration, or work. It gives opportunities to the students to achieve their desires. Every year approximately 3 million participants appear for the IELTS exam. Everyone puts their capabilities and efforts into the IELTS preparation and sits in the exam with the hope to crack it for future endeavours. According to the facts, more than 10,000 schools, employers, immigration bodies, and renowned universities accept it and select the students based on the test’s scores. The IELTS reading test comes alongside the IELTS reading, writing, and listening tests. The reading test comes with the passage and its questions. You have to answer the questions within 60 minutes by reading the passage carefully. You must have good reading skill to find the answers frequently from the passage.
Driverless Cars Reading Answers – IELTS Reading Answers Part 1
The automotive sector is well used to adapting to automation in manufacturing. The implementation of robotic car manufacture from the 1970s onwards led to significant cost savings and improvements in the reliability and flexibility of vehicle mass production. A new challenge to vehicle production is now on the horizon and, again, it comes from automation. However, this time it is not to do with the manufacturing process, but with the vehicles themselves.
Research projects on vehicle automation are not new. Vehicles with limited self-driving capabilities have been around for more than 50 years, resulting in significant contributions towards driver assistance systems. But since Google announced in 2010 that it had been trialling self-driving cars on the streets of California, progress in this field has quickly gathered pace.
Driverless Cars Reading Answers – IELTS Reading Answers Part 2
There are many reasons why technology is advancing so fast. One frequently cited motive is safety; indeed, research at the UK’s Transport Research Laboratory has demonstrated that more than 90 percent of road collisions involve human error as a contributory factor, and it is the primary cause in the vast majority. Automation may help to reduce the incidence of this.
Another aim is to free the time people spend driving for other purposes. If the vehicle can do some or all of the driving, it may be possible to be productive, to socialize, or simply to relax while automation systems have responsibility for safe control of the vehicle. If the vehicle can do the driving, those who are challenged by existing mobility models – such as older or disabled travellers – may be able to enjoy significantly greater travel autonomy.
Driverless Cars Reading Answers – IELTS Reading Answers Part 3
Beyond these direct benefits, we can consider the wider implications for transport and society, and how manufacturing processes might need to respond as a result. At present, the average car spends more than 90 percent of its life parked. Automation means that initiatives for car-sharing become much more viable, particularly in urban areas with significant travel demand. If a significant proportion of the population chooses to use shared automated vehicles, mobility demand can be met by far fewer vehicles.
Driverless Cars Reading Answers – IELTS Reading Answers Part 4
The Massachusetts Institute of Technology investigated automated mobility in Singapore, finding that fewer than 30 percent of the vehicles currently used would be required if fully automated car-sharing could be implemented. If this is the case, it might mean that we need to manufacture far fewer vehicles to meet demand. However, the number of trips being taken would probably increase, partly because empty vehicles would have to be moved from one customer to the next.
Modelling work by the University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute suggests automated vehicles might reduce vehicle ownership by 43 percent, but that vehicles’ average annual mileage doubles as a result. As a consequence, each vehicle would be used more intensively and might need replacing sooner. This faster rate of turnover may mean that vehicle production will not necessarily decrease.
Driverless Cars Reading Answers – IELTS Reading Answers Part 5
Automation may prompt other changes in vehicle manufacture. If we move to a model where consumers are tending not to own a single vehicle but to purchase access to a range of vehicles through a mobility provider, drivers will have the freedom to select one that best suits their needs for a particular journey, rather than making a compromise across all their requirements.
Since, for most of the time, most of the seats in most cars are unoccupied, this may boost the production of a smaller, more efficient range of vehicles that suit the needs of individuals. Specialized vehicles may then be available for exceptional journeys, such as going on a family camping trip or helping a son or daughter move to university.
Driverless Cars Reading Answers – IELTS Reading Answers Part 6
There are several hurdles to overcome in delivering automated vehicles to our roads. These include the technical difficulties in ensuring that the vehicle works reliably in the infinite range of traffic, weather, and road situations it might encounter; the regulatory challenges in understanding how liability and enforcement might change when drivers are no longer essential for vehicle operation; and the societal changes that may be required for communities to trust and accept automated vehicles as being a valuable part of the mobility landscape.
Driverless Cars Reading Answers – IELTS Reading Answers Part 7
It’s clear that many challenges need to be addressed but, through robust and targeted research, these can most probably be conquered within the next 10 years. Mobility will change in such potentially significant ways and association with so many other technological developments, such as telepresence and virtual reality, that it is hard to make concrete predictions. However, one thing is certain: change is coming, and the need to be flexible in response to this will be vital for those involved in manufacturing the vehicles that will deliver future mobility.
Questions Related to IELTS Reading Passage
Question Number 1
Following are a few statements given from the passage above. You have to check the answers from the passage and write them correctly.
#1. ___________ may help to reduce the incidents.
#2. The average car spends more than ____________ of its life parked.
Answer: 90 percent.
#3. ____________ on vehicle automation are not new.
Answer: Research projects.
#4. _____________ will change in such potentially significant ways and association with so many other technological departments.
#5. Modelling work by the _______________ suggests automated vehicles might reduce vehicle ownership by 43 percent.
Answer: University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute.
Question Number 2
Look at the statements below and after reading them, write TRUE or FALSE in front of them.
TRUE – If the statement agrees with the information that is given above in the passage.
FALSE – If the statement disagrees with the information that is given above in the passage.
#1. If the vehicle can do the driving, older or disabled travellers can enjoy significantly greater travel autonomy.
#2. The implementation of robotic cars manufactured from the 1980s.
#3. There are several hurdles to overcome in delivering automated vehicles to our roads.
#4. The Massachusetts Institute of Technology investigated automated mobility in California.
#5. The challenges can be addressed and conquered within the next 8 years.
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