The reading section is the 2nd mobile of the IELTS exam. This section comes after the listening section and is followed by writing and speaking sections. For both IELTS General Training and Academic, you will get a time limit of 60 minutes to read 3-4 passages. You will be asked to answer 40 questions within that time period.
Want to learn how to solve these IELTS reading answers quickly and efficiently? This article will help you out.
The Birth of Scientific English Reading Answers
Here is an interesting topic which tells you about how scientific English was born. Practice your reading skills in these paragraphs below and answer the questions.
IELTS Reading Answers Part 1
Today, a few languages dominate world science, including Japanese, German, and French, but English is likely the most popular global language of science. This is not only due to the popularity of English-speaking countries such as the United States in scientific science; scientists from many non-English-speaking countries have discovered that they must write their research papers in English in order to attract a largely foreign audience. Given the importance of scientific English today, it can come as a surprise that no one learned how to write science in English prior to the 17th century. Previously, Latin was considered the lingua franca1 for European intellectuals. The European Renaissance (c. 14th-16th centuries) is often referred to as a “revival of learning,” a period of revived interest in classical times’ “lost wisdom.” Scholars, on the other hand, started to test and expand this experience at the same time.
IELTS Reading Answers Part 2
Europe’s emerging nation-states developed strategic interests in global discovery and trade growth. This increasing concern about intellectual property laws was a characteristic of the time; it embodied both the humanist notion of the independent, rational scientist who invents and discoveries by private intellectual labour, as well as the increasing connection between original research and industrial exploitation. Such extension, which would take the English language west to America and east to India, was aided by scientific advances such as the finding of magnetism (and hence the creation of the compass), advances in cartography, and – maybe the most important research revolution of all – new theories of relativity and the motion of the Earth in respect to the planets and stars (1473-1543).
IELTS Reading Answers Part 3
England was among the first nations where physicists enthusiastically accepted and published Copernican theories. Any of these authors, including two with linguistic concerns, John Wallis and John Wilkins, helped establish the Royal Society in 1660 to encourage empirical scientific study.
All over Europe, similar academies and societies emerged, establishing modern national scientific traditions. The majority of national language publications in the early stages of the scientific movement were mainstream classics, encyclopaedias, school textbooks, and translations. Before the second half of the 17th century, original research was not completed in English. For eg, Newton’s mathematical treatise, recognized as the Principia, was published in Latin, but his subsequent work on the nature of light, Opticks, was published in English.
IELTS Reading Answers Part 4
There were a number of explanations why initial research was only published in Latin. The first was clearly a case of who was watching. Latin was appropriate for a foreign community of intellectuals, while English reached a larger, yet more local, social audience. As a result, popular science is written in English.
A second explanation for writing in Latin may have been, ironically, a need for privacy. There were risks in bringing preliminary ideas into the public domain that had not yet been completely exploited by their ‘writer.’ This increasing concern about intellectual property laws was a characteristic of the time; it embodied both the humanist notion of the independent, rational scientist who invents and discoveries by private intellectual labour, as well as the increasing connection between original research and industrial exploitation.
IELTS Reading Answers Part 5
There was a social divide between scholars and gentlemen’ who knew Latin and men of commerce who had not received a classical education. The majority of national language publications in the early stages of the scientific movement were mainstream classics, encyclopaedias, school textbooks, and translations. Before the second half of the 17th century, original research was not completed in English. And it was common practice for mathematicians in the mid-17th century to keep their observations and proofs hidden by writing them in cypher, unknown languages, or private letters deposited in a locked box with the Royal Society. Some scientists may have felt more at ease with Latin because its community, although foreign, was socially limited.
IELTS Reading Answers Part 6
Doctors were the most devoted to Latin as an “insider tongue.”
A third explanation for the delay in writing original science in English may be due to English’s linguistic inadequacy in the early modern century.
English was ill-equipped to cope with scientific debate. For starters, it lacked the necessary technological vocabulary. Second, it neglected the grammatical tools needed to represent the universe objectively and impersonally, as well as to address the relationships that could exist between dynamic and abstract persons, such as cause and effect.
IELTS Reading Answers Part 7
Fortunately, many Royal Society members became interested in language and were involved in numerous linguistic ventures. Although a plan to form a council to improve the English language failed in 1664, the society’s members did much to promote the publishing of research in English and the creation of a fitting writing style. Many Royal Society members even wrote monographs in English. One of the earliest was written by Robert Hooke, the society’s first director of experiments, who outlined his microscope experimentation in Micrographia (1665). Centred on a transcript of oral presentations and lectures, this work is primarily narrative in nature.
IELTS Reading Answers Part 8
Philosophical Transactions, a modern scientific journal, was launched in 1665. It was perhaps the first foreign English-language science publication, and it fostered a modern form of scientific writing: brief, focused descriptions of specific studies.
Therefore, the 17th century was a formative time in the development of scientific English. Most of this impetus was lost in the ensuing century when German developed itself as the leading European scientific language. By the end of the eighteenth century, it is claimed that 401 German scientific journals had been created, compared to 96 in France and 50 in England. However, when the industrial revolution provided a demand for modern technical terminology, and new, specific academic societies were formed to encourage and publish in the new sciences, scientific English experienced significant lexical development again in the nineteenth century.
The Birth of Scientific English Reading Answers to Questions
Fill the Gaps
1. Previously, Latin was considered the ___ for European intellectuals.
Ans. lingua franca1
2. Centered on a ___ of oral presentations and lectures, this work is primarily narrative in nature.
3. ___ were the most devoted to Latin as a “insider tongue.”
4. Fortunately, many ___ became interested in language and were involved in numerous linguistic ventures.
Ans. Royal Society members
5. English was ill-equipped to cope with ___ .
Ans. scientific debate
Vocabulary Type Questions
1. Synonym of “subsequent”
2. Antonym of “devoted”
3. Synonym of “linguistic”
IELTS Preparation Tips for Reading Passage
Here is a list of some basic preparation tips to do better in your IELTS reading passages:
Spend as little time as possible reading the passage. Timing is everything. You will only have one hour to answer 40 questions, so make the most of it.
Many potential candidates lose IELTS Reading marks when they do not read the instructions correctly. To avoid missing simple points, pay special attention to the directions you’re given. Start with the simplest passages
It is important that you remain cool and maintain control of your nerves. Accepting that you will most likely not have any of the questions right will help you calm your anxiety and pacing on test day!
First, answer the simpler questions
If you’re tuning out, change your viewing position and try again
If you are thinking of skipping a question to try again later, make a guess anyway
Hopefully, you have got the idea of how to answer the questions of a reading passage in the IELTS exam. The passages can be complicated and tough, but you shouldn’t panic. You must breathe well and try to address the questions calmly. If you find a question hard, you can skip to the other one without wasting a lot of time in a single question.
You can find more reading passages in the blog section of IELTS Ninja