Matching heading is a challenging task in the IELTS reading section for many reasons. Not having enough time to read the whole passage is just one of the issues. In our experience, we have come across some common problems faced repeatedly by our students. They are some of the below –
If you feel that any of the above problems apply to you then this article will help you find solutions to them.
Each passage will have 2 or 3 tasks mapped to them, read the questions before you begin reading the passages. If the tasks include matching heading type then you have to make notes next to the passages. The notes you make while skimming through the passages, should describe to you very quickly what the passages contain. For example, take a look at these passages and the notes below:
Making these notes should help you limit your scanning to the most relevant passages while trying to match the content to the heading.
There are generally more options to choose from than the passages. Which means that if there are 6 passages in the section, you may have 8 headings to choose from. Having more options is definitely more confusing. Some headings are quite similar to each other as well. Consider the below example and answer options:
Well we have two options below and you need to select the correct one, which might seem easy but essentially you need to understand the passage before you do this.
Both these options may describe the passage but one is more accurate than the other. The passage is essentially describing the leap of AI into problem-solving while using the example of a machine’s performance against man. So, although option 2 is close, option 1 summarizes the content of the paragraph. Soin this case, option 1 is the correct answer.
In the test, there will be more options than the right answers as mentioned before. Some but not all answers will have keywords to help you out. The keywords could be exactly the same as the paragraph or it could be a synonym for the keyword, or the whole sentence may be paraphrased. Let’s look at an example here:
Answer option – Landmark in AI development
The above underlined sentence is the phrase that is the same in meaning to the answer option. It also shares a keyword called Landmark. It is essential to underline these in the answers and hunt for these in the paragraphs that contain the information. You earlier made notes should come in handy. Needless to say, a good vocabulary is imperative.
For matching heading, the general format is – Each paragraph will have an alphabet before or after it which is what you need to write against the heading number. Here’s an example:
The above example shows you that the right way to follow the instructions is to write the correct alphabet against the question number in the answer sheet.
We hope this article helped you understand how to solve matching heading type questions in IELTS reading. Feel free to contact us, we always look forward to comments and inputs.