One of the most common questions that appear in the IELTS is about ‘Travel and Tourism’. Learning and being prepared about the same is essential if you wish to pass the exams with flying colours. Travel and Tourism have a major significance in today’s world and economy.

The below discussion is sure to boost your IELTS preparation by helping you understand what kind of travel and tourism content is generally asked in the IELTS and what you should be aware of. So, let’s get into it without any further ado.

Types of Questions that are Often Asked in IELTS

#1. General Traveling Questions

Here, questions based on your opinion on travelling experience may be asked. The questions can be framed in different ways to understand your grasp of the English language. Questions about your likes and dislikes when it comes to travelling may be asked here.

#2. Questions based on Personal Experience

Here questions regarding your possible travels or past travel experiences are brought forward. Again, as mentioned above, using simple language with a bit of travel and tourism info and proper grammar is essential.

#3. Abstract Questions

Here, the level of difficulty is higher when it comes to the quality of travel questions. These questions require much more thinking and understanding of travel and tourism. For this, it is vital to know and understand the context, meaning, and scope of tourism.

The Context, Meaning, and Scope of Tourism

Travelling has always been a part of human life for various necessities and reasons. History has evidence of humans travelling for various purposes like religion, migration due to war, conducting trade, economic gain like for business, and many more. Early records of rich aristocrats travelling for pleasure have also been recorded.

History of Travel and Tourism

Romans liked to travel and live in the villas and resorts built near Pompeii during the summers. Travelling has always been prevalent in society and contributed hugely to the formation and development of civilisations and countries.

At the beginning of the twentieth century, the Industrial Revolution started, and ‘Tourism’ was a relatively new concept for the modern world at that time. The increase in the number of middle-class populations coupled with inexpensive transportation guaranteed the growth of tourism in England.

Further, after the second world war, the development in air transportation technology and the commercialisation of airlines led people to travel worldwide and explore further. Soon, the government grabbed the opportunity and saw it as a source of earning foreign exchange.

How has Travel and Tourism Changed Today?

Today, travel and tourism have grown beyond anyone’s expectations, both socially and economically. It is considered one of the fastest-growing industries in a lot of developed and developing countries. The service sector involved with travel and tourism accounts for a major contribution towards employment and capital investments. It is also the largest employing sector in the world.

Thus, travel and tourism have had a major impact on the world economy and on society itself for helping improve the standard of living through its services and employment opportunities.

Economic Analysis

Travel and Tourism include transportation services through various modes, accommodations like hotels, motels, hostels, etc, food facilities like restaurants, food joints, etc., gift and souvenir shops, attractions, leisure sports, amusement facilities, and so much more.

Problems occur when the revenue generated from tourists is overlooked or included with that of the locals in these businesses and service agencies. Because of this, analysts and economists are unable to generate accurate data and state the exact impact travel and tourism has on the world.

If we look at it today, travel has become part and parcel of most activities by people. Tourism also serves as a major source of income for countries like Greece, Switzerland, various Caribbean countries, and many more. Also, it serves as a major employing sector in countries like France, Japan, the US, etc.

Tourism IELTS Reading Passage Questions and Answers

State whether the statements agree with the given information. Answer in ‘TRUE’, ‘FALSE’ or ‘NOT GIVEN’.

#1. The largest employment figures in the world are found in the travel and tourism industry.

Answer: TRUE

#2. Tourism contributes over six percent of the Australian Gross National Product


#3. It is easy to show statistically how tourism affects individual economies.

Answer: FALSE

#4. Visitor spending is always greater than the spending done by the locals.


Some more Questions and Answers

Complete the given sentences. Do not use more than three words to answer the same.

#1. In Greece, tourism is the most important …………………

Answer: Industry/ source of income

#2. The problems associated with measuring international tourism are often reflected while measuring the ………………….

Answer: domestic tourism

Choose the correct heading.

#1. Paragraph C

Answer: Economic and Social significance of tourism

#2. Paragraph B

Answer: The development of mass tourism


Travel and tourism are big topics and are super engaging. Don’t let anything stop your curiosity from learning more about the places you wish to travel and see in the future. That, in a way, will help you prepare for your IELTS.

We hope our article on the topic that covers tourism IELTS reading answers was helpful to you. We at IELTS Ninja post content related to IELTS regularly. With expert mentors from the field and interactive video lessons, learning new things is super easy and fun. Make sure to check our IELTS classes for more information.

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About the Author


Shilpa is a professional web content writer and is in deep love with travelling. She completed her mass communication degree and is now dedicatedly playing with words to guide her readers to get the best for themselves. Developing educational content for UPSC, IELTS aspirants from breakthrough research work is her forte. Strongly driven by her zodiac sign Sagittarius, Shilpa loves to live her life on her own notes and completely agrees with the idea of ‘live and let live. Apart from writing and travelling, most of the time she can be seen in the avatar of 'hooman' mom to her pets and street dogs or else you can also catch her wearing the toque blanche and creating magic in the kitchen on weekends.

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