The Academic Reading IELTS test is the second segment of the IELTS examination. The time limit for this segment is 60 minutes. This paper includes either three or four paragraphs, and the difficulty level increases with each answer. The entire paper consists of 40 questions in total.
An academic reading examination is one of the most important tests in IELTS. You cannot take this test lightly as it contributes to gaining the highest bands in IELTS. The paragraphs in the IELTS reading test depend on various subjects, and “Dyslexia” is one of them.
In this article, you will discover the format of the questions, i.e., the line of questioning in IELTS for dyslexia reading answers.
Let’s look at the passage and understand the format of the questions.
Sample Paragraph on Dyslexia
A part of the cerebral cortex is made up of communication centres. These centres are located in the left part of the human brain. Six layers made up of the cells are present in the cortex. A compilation of the nerve cells, aka the Ectopia, pushes up into outer layers from the lower layers present in the cortex. These nerve cells are not usually observed in this area. A tiny fold known as microgyrus is present in the cortex. This leads to a decrease in the usual number of layers, i.e. from six layers to four.
The development of microgyria complicates the neutral connections within the communication centres and additional parts of the human brain. The microgyria is introduced in the embryos of the rat. When these rat embryos turn into adults, their skill of differentiating between the two sounds executed in instantaneous succession is reduced.
This incapability to differentiate between two sounds executed in instantaneous succession is one of the symptoms of dyslexia in human beings.
Dyslexia not only affects the language centres, but also impacts the brain, causing abnormalities in visual pathways. The reduction in cell size in the layers of the lateral geniculate nucleus is one such aberration. The nerve tracts that carry information from the eyes to the visual cortex at the rear of the brain are located here. This is critical because dyslexia is defined as an inability to read.
This failure of the visual and auditory systems occurs in other parts of the brain as well. Uinevere Eden and Thomas Zeffiro of Georgetown University in Washington, D.C., found an example through a brain-scanning method called functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI).
One of the most common symptoms of dyslexia is the inability to absorb written phonemes.
Phonemes are sound units that make up a language. Dr Eden and Dr Zeffiro were able to engage both the visual and auditory pathways simultaneously by giving dyslexic patients activities like deleting phonemes from the beginning of words while measuring brain activity with their scanner.
IELTS Reading Passage Questions and Answers
Aligning to this paragraph, there may be questions in the following formats:
#1. State if the following statement is either true or false. (Question 1-6)
# Language, as well as visual and auditory processes, are all affected by dyslexia. (True)
# Dyslexia is the inability to discern between visual shapes in modern society. (False)
# It has been established that dyslexic people can learn to read in the same way non-dyslexic persons can through special reading programs. (Not Given)
#2. MCQ (Multiple Choice Questions) (Question 7-11)
#1 A decrease in the number of layers present in the cortex of the human brain.
#2 Compilation of nerve cells in a particular part of the cortex of the human brain where these cells are not usually observed.
#3 Development of six layers in the brain, where commonly there are just four.
#4 An incapacity to handle linguistic information in visual form.
#1 A symptom of dyslexia.
#2 Abnormal pathways of visual information in the brain.
#3 An abnormal formation of layers in the cortex of the brain.
#4 Confusion resulting in an inability to distinguish sounds in quick succession.
Fill in the Blanks Questions and Answers
#3. Fill in the Blanks with a maximum of three words in each statement (Question 12-14)
# A tiny fold that is also known as microgyrus present in the cortex of the human brain leads to an unusual decrease in the number of layers from __________.
Answer: Six to four
# In the dyslexic brains’ language centre, Dr Albert Galaburda discovered two sorts of ———.
Answer: Microscopic flaws
Questions like answer in one sentence or brief, match the given data with appropriate answers, etc., are also some types of question format in the IELTS reading exam. The format of questions may vary depending on the difficulty levels and passages as well.
Right from its discovery to its apt treatments, every little piece of knowledge will be mentioned in the given paragraph aligning to the questions. That’s one of the best parts about dyslexia IELTS reading answers. You can organically answer the given questions in this test by simply glancing and understanding the paragraph about dyslexia.
IELTS is an easy and achievable exam if you focus on the language and practice the question papers consistently. We hope that the sample passage above will help you to handle IELTS reading answer questions on Dyslexia easily. If you are still doubtful about your IELTS preparation, do not worry.
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