In IELTS writing task 2, you will be asked to write at least 250 words. You will be given a topic to answer, and you will be judged on your capabilities to respond by expressing and justifying a viewpoint, discussing the topic, summarising details, outlining problems, defining possible solutions, and assisting your writing with reasons, assertions, and illustrations from your own experience or knowledge.
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IELTS Writing Task 2 Topics 2020 with Answers
If you are looking for IELTS writing task 2 topics with answers, you are on the right page. Below is a set of 8 IELTS writing task 2 topics 2020 with answers. Read them carefully and learn how to tackle the questions.
IELTS Writing Task 2 Question 1
Tourism is one of the fastest-growing industries and contributes a great deal to economies around the world. However, the damage tourism can cause to local cultures and the environment is often ignored.
Do you agree or disagree?
It is undeniably true that the tourism sector, as a whole, generates enormous sums of money for the worldwide economy. Furthermore, the local economies of resorts across the world are frequently reliant on annual visitor influxes, particularly in terms of local employment.
My own country receives a large number of international tourists each year, and as a result, the hotel sector employs a large number of people.
However, it is frequently stated that a large portion of the money produced goes to international businesses that provide transportation to and from the location, as well as hotel chains and shopping shops that provide hospitality to these tourists. Experts also point to tourism’s harmful impact on local culture.
Developments that prioritise the demands of visiting tourists can often jeopardise indigenous people’s life choices. Moreover, there is the extensive environmental impact of tourism.
The influx of large groups of visitors can put a strain on limited local resources including water, food, and energy. Another environmental problem is pollution, which is caused by a rise in passenger aircraft as well as local trash created at the tourist site. And then there is the practical impact of large-scale building on the environment and ecosystem.
But, claiming that the issues are being overlooked is probably incorrect. Sustainable tourism is on the rise, indicating that individuals are conscious of their effect and want to contribute to a more pleasant experience for themselves, as well as for locals and the environment.
We could only hope that the market for this type of responsible tourism continues to rise, as the market tends to dictate how things evolve.
IELTS Writing Task 2 Question 2
Globalization is creating a world of one culture and destroying national identity.
Do you agree or disagree?
In the last several decades, globalisation has had a significant impact on the world. While some feel that all of these impacts are good, others say that globalisation is eroding the identity of numerous nations throughout the world.
This is due to the fact that many areas of our life, such as entertainment, communication, goods, and business, are similar throughout the world. For 3 reasons, this essay will claim that globalisation is eroding national identity.
To begin with, young people are less engaged in their regional culture in terms of entertainment, which might have serious implications. Young individuals who are unaware of their cultural history will have difficulty understanding the elder generation.
As a result, significant communication failures among cultures may occur. Furthermore, globalisation has resulted in the formation of huge corporations, which frequently prohibit local enterprises from earning a profit.
Many consumers choose to buy branded goods from big multinational corporations. Small businesses are likely to vanish unless governments take steps to curb the power of large corporations.
Lastly, there’s the issue of communication. As a result of globalisation, English has surpassed all other languages as the world’s most significant language, and many others are on the verge of extinction.
This is a negative element of globalisation that may have long-term effects. If everyone in the future is required to use English rather than their original tongue, the way we interact may begin to alter in a bad way.
To summarise, globalisation has a detrimental impact on national identity, and individuals should place a greater emphasis on their own culture. We will get a better future in the world if we allow globalisation to remain dominant in local cultures.
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IELTS Academic Writing Task 2 Question 3
In many countries around the world, life expectancy is increasing.
Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of this situation and give your own opinion.
Over the last century, medical treatment has vastly improved. As a result, the world’s population is living longer than ever before. Is this having a negative impact on societies throughout the world, or are there more advantages than disadvantages?
One apparent problem with an ageing population is that it may put a huge strain on a country’s healthcare system. People’s risks of developing major diseases rise as they live longer into old age. However, the chances of them having medical treatment increase, making it more difficult to give care to everyone.
Another disadvantage is that living longer does not always imply happiness. This means that an elderly person is unable to participate in many of the activities that they desire, which can lead to despair and a decline in physical health.
However, one apparent benefit of longer life expectancy is that young people can profit for a longer period of time from the wisdom passed down to them by elder family members. In today’s world, seeking counsel from older generations may be reassuring.
As a result, a grandparent’s physical condition is essentially immaterial, because the children and grandkids will benefit from the wisdom of an aged mind. Furthermore, today’s retirees are typically in better condition than they’ve ever been, and they frequently love their life more than they enjoyed when they were younger.
When weighing both sides of the debate, it is hard to overlook the benefits that age brings to the family structure and community as a whole. However, there are a host of difficulties that old age brings – primarily health-related issues – the benefits that it draws to the family structure and community as a whole are hard to overlook.
IELTS Writing Task 2 Question 4
In many societies in the world, the population is ageing rapidly and this is leading to an unsustainable increase in the cost of public healthcare.
A nation’s population should pay for their healthcare provision in the future.
Do you agree or disagree?
Longer life spans are a result of advances in medical research, but this has a knock-on impact on public health systems, with many hospitals failing to deal with an older population. Many countries have benefited from national public health services that are either free or heavily subsidised. Some of those in senior health management, nevertheless, believe that such service will become untenable, and I agree that reforms must be made to reflect this shifting reality.
Despite the assumption that healthcare should be ‘free,’ taxpayers pay the majority of the costs. To provide an example, a recent survey in my country found that over 40% of the nation’s tax revenue goes to healthcare, with 80% of it going to the elderly.
This is a disproportionate sum of money that has placed a significant financial strain on the state, and existing funding is insufficient to meet these demands.
As seen by several unfavourable media stories regarding the circumstances for both personnel and patients, this has an influence on the quality of treatment that may be delivered. If we want high-quality healthcare, we must first address the financial load.
One method to do so would be to raise citizens’ contributions through higher taxation. Governments might, on the other hand, encourage people who can afford it to enrol in private healthcare plans. Switching to a private model allows the wealthy to purchase higher-quality care while alleviating demand on public services for others who do not have the financial resources to become private.
More funds must be found, either via taxes or through alternative modes of service, if we are to retain the quality of healthcare that we have come to expect. Instead, standards will deteriorate, putting people’s lives in jeopardy.
IELTS Writing Task 2 Question 5
Fewer students are studying science at school and university, favouring more computer-based subjects instead.
Is this a positive or negative development? What are the reasons for this?
In recent times, it has become clear that secondary and higher education students are gravitating away from conventional sciences and toward IT-related disciplines. In this paper, I will discuss the causes behind this change and explain why I believe it is a bad trend overall.
Given how prevalent computer technology is throughout society, the growth in popularity of IT and related computer-based topics is predictable. Our lives have become so reliant on gadgets and the Internet that it is now one of the most important industries on the planet.
Furthermore, the media is rife with examples of digital start-ups that have turned their entrepreneurs and inventors into millionaires, so it’s easy to understand why young people might be drawn to the area as a study. It appears to be a safer option than pursuing a career in science, which usually demands a lengthier time commitment and, at first sight, offers less in terms of pay and social status.
Nevertheless, both academics and society as a whole rely on a steady supply of brilliant scientists who are always pushing the limits of what is possible. These are the individuals who create our medications, design our automobiles, enhance our production processes, develop new materials, and so on, and their job is critical to preserving and increasing our quality of life.
As a result, a decrease in the number of students studying sciences means a decrease in the number of competent individuals conducting such important jobs.
Considering the significance of the computing sector in today’s society, the trend toward computer-based topics and occupations is reasonable. However, if this comes at the price of recruiting young scientists and engineers, it may be disastrous. The world would be a very different environment if scientific innovation did not exist.
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IELTS Writing Task 2 Question 6
Tourism has increased so much over the last 50 years that it is having a mainly negative impact on local inhabitants and the environment. However, others claim that it is good for the economy.
Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of tourism and give your own opinion.
It’s controversial if tourist sites profit from foreign tourism. To most governments, the local economic advantages outweigh the tourist season’s congestion and higher prices. Nevertheless, relying on tourism as a significant source of yearly revenue has environmental and social costs as well as economic hazards.
Mass-market tourism has the potential to completely transform sleepy seaside towns. Every summer, package vacation firms run a large number of low-cost flights to high-rise hotels in underdeveloped nations.
Of course, this implies that serving this seasonal inflow is easy money, and the government perceives an increase in tax income and local jobs. When the holiday season ends, the region becomes a ghost town, with no one working. Seasonal migration of individuals to cities in search of jobs out of season, leaving primarily the elderly behind, can wreak havoc on a small community’s social cohesiveness.
Communication skills and other advantages of cultural exchange are gained by the local population. Annually, such a huge number of visitors might have an adverse effect on vulnerable historical places. Traditional structures can be destroyed in favour of bland multinational hotels, and age-old stone remnants can be eroded away. Large crowds can also cause local infrastructure to collapse, resulting in pollution and trash.
However, if the economy develops and tourism becomes a more established sector, this may change. Local authority infrastructure investment should secure recurring business and economic advantages.
Overall, tourism may be a lucrative source of revenue for countries endowed with natural beauty or historically significant places. Governments must, though, guarantee that the interests of local companies do not take precedence over the requirements of the local population and that any tourist money is reinvested in the region to safeguard the environment.
IELTS Academic Writing Task 2 Question 7
Overpopulation is the world’s most serious environmental problem.
Do you agree or disagree?
Overpopulation is a rising worry in the developing world, and it is to blame for many of the globe’s environmental issues. Although a rising population has a detrimental influence on the environment to some level, the largest issue is created by how humans choose to spend their lives.
For various reasons, overpopulation has a negative influence on the global ecosystem. More pollution is generated by more automobiles on the road, more industry, more farms, and more home chemicals as the population grows. Pollution is a major environmental problem that can have catastrophic consequences for human and animal health.
Overcrowding also implies that natural resources are depleting at a faster rate. The modern world consumes more than it is capable of producing. People are always purchasing more goods and constructing more homes. Freshwater, oil, and natural gas are only a few of the scarce resources.
Overpopulation, on the other hand, may not be an issue if civilization modified its lifestyle. People might strive to preserve natural resources by using less water or eating fewer items, for example, to help with these environmental issues. They might also make a concerted effort to reuse and recycle more. Pollution might be reduced much further if people solely bought organic foods and attempted to drive less.
In conclusion, while overpopulation is a serious concern when it comes to the environment, it might be mitigated if individuals adopted specific lifestyle adjustments.
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IELTS Academic Writing Task 2 Question 8
The education you receive from your family is more important than the education you receive from the school.
Do you agree or disagree?
Not only does formal schooling provide education, but it also comes from other sources. People learn from a variety of sources, including their families, friends, television, and personal experience.
Although these methods of learning are valuable, I feel that school-based education is far more essential, since it provides the groundwork for future achievement and success, as I will demonstrate.
For starters, official credentials obtained in school are frequently used as entrance points into particular industries and jobs. To become a lawyer or a doctor, you must excel in school so that you may pursue professional certifications.
In addition, many professions need basic math and English skills when you apply. A person’s professional options may be limited if they lack certain qualifications.
Furthermore, education helps you prepare for connections outside of your family, which is an essential element of life. School is an effective socialisation tool because students must cope with a variety of connections, such as those with instructors and classmates, as well as risks to their pleasure, such as bullying and heavy workloads.
Families are essential because their moral perspective and aspirational aspirations are typically influenced by their parents. To some extent, though, children can prosper even in the absence of a supportive parental environment. It’s improbable that they’d be successful if they didn’t go to school.
Finally, while there are many helpful types of education, I feel that schooling is more essential than home education. This is due to the fact that formal education provides you with qualifications and socialisation that your family cannot provide.
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IELTS Writing Task 2 Tips
Students must study and comprehend the material fully before tackling IELTS writing assignment 2. It is critical to attend to all aspects of the work. There will be a deduction in bands if this does not happen.
Students must also develop their ideas in the appropriate context and support them with proof. They can, however, back them up with instances, but they must avoid gross generalization.
Coherence and Cohesion
Students must organise all of the data so that thoughts flow logically and in a logical order that is easy to grasp and follow. They can accomplish this by dividing their writing into paragraphs and presenting various topics individually.
This will give their essay a framework. Furthermore, they must link concepts, paragraphs, and phrases in such a manner that a clear link between them is demonstrated. They can use linking words in this case.
It is critical to have a large vocabulary in order to communicate thoughts clearly and efficiently. A proper word choice has a greater effect and improves the reception of ideas. Students should learn new terms as well as synonyms in order to enhance their vocabulary. Word conjunctions, or combinations of words, are another significant lexical feature.
Grammar and Accuracy
Students will not receive good bands if they fail to demonstrate their grammatical variety and correctness, even if they can effectively convey their thoughts using simple or complicated phrases. Students can utilise a variety of tenses, conditionals, comparatives, modal verbs, and passive tenses to impress the examiner. The importance of writing complicated sentences outweighs the importance of writing simple phrases.
Many students struggle with IELTS writing task 2, and their hopes of studying abroad are dashed when they receive a poor overall score. It is an important component of the writing section since it aids in the assessment of students’ productive abilities. The writing section is divided into two parts, task 1 and task 2, and lasts 60 minutes.
To avoid losing marks, however, you must write at least 250 words. The second writing assignment evaluates a student’s task achievement, coherence and cohesiveness, lexical resource, and grammar range and correctness.
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