Different questions are asked in the IELTS paper because the IELTS paper has different sections that test your English capabilities. The advantage-disadvantage type essay is a very common type in the IELTS writing task 2.

It involves a situation that you are asked to comment on, emphasizing the advantages and the disadvantages. You should practice these types of questions through different platforms and understand the pattern of answer delivery. These questions can come from different fields also. In this article, you will find all the relevant information about the advantages and disadvantages of IELTS essay topics.

This section can bring high scores to you if you provide good answers. We are here with some common topics on this category of essay questions. Have a look below to start your journey with the prominent questions that are asked in this portion.

Also Read: IELTS Writing Task 1 Topic Asking Friend to Look After Home: Checkout this Sample Topic and Model Answers

Sample IELTS Essay Topics for Advantage Disadvantage Essay

The sample topics in this area are widely varied. As it is a kind of analytical essay, it can be understood that social issues are the most common topics. Here is a rough list:

#. Advertisement: Advantages and disadvantages of celebrity endorsements, graphic advertisements, foreign products, etc.

#. Transportation: Advantages and disadvantages of public transports, various aspects of commuting, etc.

#. Tourism: Advantages and disadvantages of development of the tourism industry, travel agencies, etc.

#. Education: Advantages and disadvantages of public schools, any particular curriculum, vocational courses, etc.

#. Economy: Advantages and disadvantages of different taxes, government expenditure, etc.

#. Business: Advantages and disadvantages of e-commerce, recruitment from within a company, etc.

#. Food/Health: Advantages and disadvantages of growing fast food joints, veganism, etc.

#. Social Media: Advantages and disadvantages of social media, online news, etc.

#. Family/ Parenting: Advantages and disadvantages of joint family, nuclear family, religious upbringing, etc.

Also Read: IELTS Writing Task 2 Essay Topic Internet Replace Books: Sample Answer of Essay Question

Sample Questions on IELTS Essay Topics

#. Small businesses are disappearing and being replaced by large multinational companies. Do the advantages of this outweigh the disadvantages?

#. Many products that we buy are made in other countries. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of this and give your own opinion.

#. Increasing numbers of students are going to university instead of working after high school. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages for young people who do this.

#. School children are using computers in school more than ever. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of this and give your own opinion.

#. The rise of convenience foods has helped people keep up with the speed of the modern lifestyle. What are the advantages of this trend? Do the advantages outweigh the disadvantages?

#. There seems to be an increasing trend towards assessing students through exams rather than continual assessment. What are the advantages and disadvantages of the exams as a form of assessment?

Some more Sample Questions

#. As countries become more developed, many fast food outlets move into the country giving local people greater access to fast food. Do the advantages of this outweigh the disadvantages?

#. Many businesses choose to recruit from within their own company rather than sourcing staff from overseas. Do the advantages of this outweigh the disadvantages?

#. With the advent of social media, more people are getting their news online instead of from print media. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages for people who read news online.

#. It is becoming increasingly popular to have a year off between finishing school and going to university. What are the advantages and disadvantages of it?

#. Some people think that it would be better for large companies and industries to move to regional areas outside large urban centres. Do you think the advantages outweigh the disadvantages?

#. With the rise of e-books comes the decline in paper books. Some people see this as a good step forward while others do not. What are the benefits and drawbacks of this trend?

Also Read: IELTS Writing Task 2 Topic House or Apartment: Tactics to Score above Band 5

A Few Bonus Questions

#. Some parents buy their children a large number of toys to play with. What are the advantages and disadvantages for the child of having a large number of toys?

#. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of studying abroad/working abroad for a period of time.

#. In some countries, more and more adults are living with their parents after graduating from college, University, or even after finding a job. Do the advantages of this outweigh the disadvantages?

#. Every year large numbers of people migrate from one country to another for different reasons. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of migration for the individual and for society as a whole.

#. Nowadays online shopping becomes more popular than in-store shopping. Is it a positive or negative development? Give your reasons and examples.

Model Answers for Achieving IELTS 9 Band

Sample Question

Nowadays, more people would rather purchase food than cook at home. What are the advantages and disadvantages of this trend?  Give ideas about which is a better way according to you and why?


Due to the busy lifestyle, people are consuming more processed food in spite of cooking food for themselves. There could be several merits and demerits of this uprising trend. In my opinion, homemade food is far more beneficial as compared to readymade food.

Break the Paragraph and Write the Benefits

To commence with the benefits, packaged products such as pasta, noodles, etcetera are easily available in the market. They are instant food products and just need boiling or reheating which in turn saves our time. Also, people get so tired after their hectic routine that they lack the energy to prepare meals.

Therefore, they find it useful to buy readymade food products. In addition, this type of processed food is easy to carry everywhere, even while travelling. In fact, due to additives and taste enhancers, individuals, especially children, love their taste and their salivary buds are stimulated by these sorts of meals.

Also Read: IELTS Writing Task 2: Know the Sample Questions with Answers to Boost Your Essay Preparation

Break the Paragraph and Write the Disadvantages

Despite these benefits, there are ample drawbacks. Firstly, these products are processed and lack their natural nutrition. What is more, many preservatives are added to increase their shelf life which has several health hazards to consumers.

For example, sodium benzoate is one of the popular compounds used for the preservation of packed foods which occasionally can be life-threatening. Secondly, although they are vacuum packed, they can get contaminated by various microbes and cause an abdominal disturbance, sometimes causing other lethal diseases like food poisoning, botulinum, and many more. Additionally, these products can also be expensive for consumers to afford.

Break the Paragraph and Give Your View

To recapitulate, I believe that the use of readymade foods has a plethora of detrimental effects and home-cooked food can provide plenty of nutrients to stay healthy and develop immunity.

Sample Question

In some countries, young people are encouraged to work or travel for a year between finishing high school and starting university studies. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages for young people who decided to do this.


Before embarking on college many young people are advised that a year working or travelling may be a good option. This essay will suggest that saving money is the biggest advantage of this and a reduced motivation to study is the primary disadvantage.

Break the Paragraph and Write the Benefits

Third level education is very expensive and lots of students decide to work for 12 months and save up money before they begin their studies. This allows them to pay for their living costs, tuition fees, and accommodation and focus on their studies, rather than struggle financially or have to get a part-time job on top of their academic work.

The Times recently reported that the average student at a UK university requires over $12,000 per annum just to survive and many drop out because they cannot afford to stay.

Also Read: Recent Exam Question in IELTS Writing Task 2: Check Out the Best Techniques to Write Perfectly for Band 8

Break the Paragraph and Write the Disadvantages

Despite these advantages, many students often get used to working or travelling and don’t want to return to a life of study after a year off. This short-term view can cause some to bypass university altogether and go straight into a job that is beneath their capabilities or may not offer the same prospects their future career might have.

For instance, a recent survey by the British Government found that 26% of students who take a gap year never enter tertiary education.

Break the Paragraph and Give Your View

In conclusion, taking a break from studies can be advantageous if it allows people to gather up savings, however, they should also be careful that it does not lead to disillusionment with education altogether.

Advantages and Disadvantages Questions Structure

It is extremely important to understand the pattern and structure of the sections and the questions asked under the sections. The challenge to solve these questions is to meet their structure because each topic of advantages and disadvantages essay questions is vast and each topic requires a particular structure to be followed to answer the question.

You can end up losing marks on these questions if you have not prepared the topics before as per the structure. You should add valid points in the advantages and disadvantages body portion along with some supportive points.

Once you completely understand the structure and what the content should be to lift up your essay, you can earn maximum marks from the examiners. Remember, you can’t go wrong with the vocabulary and grammar. Your words define your ideas, so be particular while using different words and phrases. Practice carefully and you can hit the mark.

Tips for the Questions

The tips for answering these questions include the thinking and analysis of the drawbacks and benefits first. You should spend time calculating the facts or content that you want to include in your answer.

You must have supporting points for each perception whether it is a benefit or a drawback. If your ideas are supported by factual points, they will make an impact. You should not split the advantages and disadvantages, rather you must put the benefits in a single body frame and disadvantages in a different body frame altogether.

You must not go deep into criticizing something or favouring any element or factor. The wisdom is that you must include the safe and secure points in the body of advantages and disadvantages. These are a few tips to be carried out in the section of this paper.

Also Read: IELTS Writing Task 1 Recommend Family Member: Points You Need to include to Obtain the Desired Band


Topics of the problem solution essay IELTS questions are usually social issues that have both positive and negative sides. You will be clearly asked to point out both sides of a particular issue. This type of question is very straightforward and requires organized preparation to achieve a high score.

Hopefully, by following the IELTS essay writing tips you will be able to achieve your desired band but remember to practice these on a daily basis. We believe that this article has helped you in gaining all the extremely potential information for your examination. If you still have any doubts or questions, visit the IELTS Ninja website. All your answers are available on the site with expert advice. You can go ahead to read all the amazing articles present on the website and perform at your best.

Also, updates are given on the site regarding the dates and documents required in the paper. The university details of each English-speaking country are available there that can blow your mind with a volcanic erosion of information. We want you to gain the highest bands to fulfil your dreams.

Best of luck!

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