IELTS writing discusses a number of essay topics. From the topics that contend with your own views and one where you discuss different social problems. This is the only segment where you can compose your thoughts and views in an ordered way. Unnecessary to mention, this segment is evaluated very minutely and you need to be completely concentrated in order to score well.

One section that is very recurring in the writing section is the problem-solution style essay in IELTS. Here, you are offered a disturbing situation and are asked to recommend appropriate solutions to a particular situation.

Problem Solution Essay IELTS

Problem-solution essays are among the most important IELTS Writing Task 2 topics on the academic paper. While being so common, a lot of students are not doing well on these topics. This article will focus on some of the more common errors and then take you stepwise to answer certain questions.

Common Mistakes in Problem Solution Essay

  1. The most common error in problem-solving essays is not to build on your thoughts, but simply to describe a lot of problems and solutions. The interviewer does not require a list of all the issues and ideas that you might think of. Alternatively, the examiner wants you to select one or two problems and solutions and then elaborate on them with details and suggestions if you check into how the exam is graded.
  2. Writing regarding concerns and solutions that are not specifically related to the issue is another typical error. When addressing the question, you should be like a hunter and just offer very clear suggestions, instead of ideas that simply speak about the overall problem. In the questions that we will look at below, this has a lot to do with how you define keywords and micro-keywords.

Avoid these Mistakes

  1. Many people conceive of interesting ideas for problems and yet struggle to relate their solutions to these problems. The problem must have a solution that is specifically related to it or, in other words, it should fix the real problem.
  2. At the end of the day, many candidates dream of pretty interesting questions and ideas that answer the issue correctly and then extend their responses with explanations and examples, but they speak too commonly. Alternatively, you should ask about concrete cases and interpretations.⠀

Also Read: IELTS Writing Task Evaluation with Sample Answer: A Guide To Better Band Score

Analyse the Question: Problem Solution Essay

This is one of the most critical aspects of addressing any written question from IELTS. If you don’t have the opportunity to think thoroughly about what the interviewer is expecting you to do, it is very hard to interpret the question accurately.

We evaluate the problem by worrying about 3 factors:

  • Keywords
  • Micro-keywords
  • Action words

Keywords are the terms that tell us what the basic theme is.

Micro-keywords define which aspect of the general theme the interviewer needs you to address. They also offer an opinion, qualify an argument, or speak about a subcategory of a broader general topic.

The words of action teach us what the investigator needs us to do.

Problem Solution Sample Essay: Problem and Solution IELTS Essay Topics

Problem and Solution IELTS Essay Topics: Global warming is one of the biggest threats humans face in the 21st Century and sea levels are continuing to rise at alarming rates.

What are the problems involved with this and what are some potential solutions?

Part One: Problem Solution Essay IELTS

If we look at the problem, we see that the terms are ‘global warming.’ This is our core concept. We’re trying to talk about this, but we can’t write about any issues associated with global warming. When we do this, we haven’t answered the issue properly. Consequently, we need to focus on micro-keywords.

The micro keywords are ‘humans’ and ‘a rising sea level.’ But rather than only writing about the big issue of global warming and any issues associated with it (such as intensified hurricanes, extinction of many species, soil erosion), we need to worry about how especially rising sea levels could impact humans. Although, for example, we were concerned about issues involving the ‘earth’ or ‘animals’ or the ‘atmosphere,’ we may not have addressed the issue.

Also Read: Describe a Person Who is Very Open: IELTS Speaking Cue Card Sample Answers

Part Two: Problem Solution Essay IELTS

Words in action are problems and solutions. Therefore, our job is to write about it and that alone. It does not challenge our viewpoint or the drawbacks and advantages or the reasons, but the challenges and solutions. If we wanted to ask about the causes of rising sea levels, we would not be addressing the issue.

Rather than brainstorming or brainstorming ideas, in my view, take too much time and contribute to useless ideas-you can just imagine that you’re in a coffee shop with a friend, and they’ve just asked you a simple query. In this scenario, it will be “What are the challenges and approaches associated with the rise of the sea level on humans? ”

Part Three: Problem Solution Essay IELTS

If you were speaking to a friend about this, I’m sure you’d have no trouble thinking of at least 2 or 3 issues and solutions. This approach gets you out of the exam scenario and places your mind in a more comfortable environment. You’ve got a lot of ideas now, but now you’ve got to consider which ones to use.

Also Read: 10 Must-Follow IELTS Reading Tips and Tricks to Boost Your Band Score

Relationship Topics: Problem and Solution IELTS Essay Topics

  1. How can social media bullying be prevented?
  2. What is the best way to help someone who is depressed?
  3. What’s the best way to deal with manipulative and domineering people?
  4. How can you help a friend or roommate who is making poor life choices?
  5. How can you get out of a bad relationship?
  6. How can you move out of the “friend zone”?
  7. What is the best way for a woman to show a man she is interested? Should she ask him out?
  8. How has texting affected face-to-face relationships?

Social Problems: Problem and Solution IELTS Essay Topics

  1. How can we help homeless people in our community?
  2. How can we prevent people from dropping out of high school?
  3. What is the best way to prevent teen pregnancy?
  4. How can kids be persuaded not to experiment with illegal drugs?
  5. What is the best way to prevent deaths from drunk driving?
  6. How can teenagers be convinced to drive more safely?
  7. What can be done to prevent divorce?
  8. How can kids with divorced parents be helped to do well in school, have strong relationships, and build successful lives and marriages?

Athletes and Sports: IELTS Problems

  1. How can steroid use be limited in all sports (or one in particular)?
  2. Should college athletes be paid?
  3. How can colleges better handle the combination of education, athletics, and business?
  4. Do kids train too hard in athletics at young ages?
  5. What is the best way for a young athlete to learn a sport? (You might want to talk about a particular sport you know well).
  6. How can coaches best encourage their athletes to do their best?
  7. Think about your local sports team. What can be done to make that team more effective? How can the fans be made to support the team more?
  8. Pick your favourite sport. How can someone best prepare themselves to be excellent at that sport?

Also Read: 6 Tips for IELTS Writing Skill Enhancement: Get Your Desired Band Score

Education: IELTS Problems

  1. How can parents make virtual learning effective?
  2. How can we make education better for kids who have trouble in school?
  3. How can schools help the problem of childhood obesity?
  4. How can schools best serve special education students?
  5. How can schools allocate more money and resources for sports, fine arts, and other special programs?
  6. What should be done about misbehaving and disruptive students?
  7. What should be done to make gifted and talented education programs effective?
  8. How can we help kids who are in failing schools?

Family Life: IELTS Preparation

  1. How can parents best handle homework?
  2. How can parents handle their child’s cell phone and social media use appropriately?
  3. Should parents be held responsible for the obesity of their children? What should be done to help families with obese children?
  4. How can parents help their children have a positive body image and avoid eating disorders?
  5. What can be done about parents who push too hard for their children to achieve in sports, academics, fine arts, or another area?
  6. What can be done to increase the number of children who are adopted?
  7. How can we prevent young people from ageing out of the child welfare system without ever finding a family?
  8. What is the best way to help families who have a child with a mental illness?

We hope that this article will be a helping hand for your next IELTS exam. This section can be a tough one to tackle but if you keep your head calm and think wisely, you might easily crack this exam with a good band score. Don’t forget to try out the topics mentioned in this article. Practice 4-5 topics daily to become an expert in IELTS preparations. Always give mock tests before the exam to know your speed and time management

Best of luck!

Also Read: Describe Something You Enjoy doing with a Group of People: IELTS Exam Cue Card Topic

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