The IELTS reading exam is one of the four sectors of the IELTS exam and this sector includes your understanding and vocabulary skills along with your analytical and thinking ability to answer the questions. Here you will be given a passage and a list of questions will be asked. You will have to answer them in an hour and complete these questions in this duration.

This article gives you sample questions with answers for the Falkirk wheel and will help you to understand the reading passages thoroughly and will help in your IELTS preparation.

Also Read: IELTS Reading: Study Guide, Information & Tips

The Falkirk Wheel IELTS Reading Passage Part 1 

The Falkirk Wheel in Scotland is the world’s first and only rotating boat lift. Opened in 2002, it is central to the ambitious £84.5m Millennium Link project to restore navigability across Scotland by reconnecting the historic waterways of the Forth & Clyde and Union Canals.

The major challenge of the project lays in the fact that the Forth & Clyde Canal is situated 35 metres below the level of the Union Canal. Historically, the two canals had been joined near the town of Falkirk by a sequence of 11 locks – enclosed sections of canal in which the water level could be raised or lowered – that stepped down across a distance of 1.5 km. This had been dismantled in 1933, thereby breaking the link.

The Falkirk Wheel IELTS Reading Passage Part 2

When the project was launched in 1994, the British Waterways authority were keen to create a dramatic twenty-first-century landmark that would not only be a fitting commemoration of the Millennium, but also a lasting symbol of the economic regeneration of the region.

Numerous ideas were submitted for the project, including concepts ranging from rolling eggs to tilting tanks, from giant seesaws to overhead monorails. The eventual winner was a plan for the huge rotating steel boat lift which was to become The Falkirk Wheel. The unique shape of the structure is claimed to have been inspired by various sources, both manmade and natural, most notably a Celtic double-headed axe, but also the vast turning propeller of a ship, the ribcage of a whale or the spine of a fish.

The Falkirk Wheel IELTS Reading Passage Part 3

The various parts of The Falkirk Wheel were all constructed and assembled, like one giant toy building set, at Butterley Engineering’s Steelworks in Derbyshire, some 400 km from Falkirk.

A team there carefully assembled the 1,200 tonnes of steel, painstakingly fitting the pieces together to an accuracy of just 10 mm to ensure a perfect final fit. In the summer of 2001, the structure was then dismantled and transported on 35 lorries to Falkirk, before all being bolted back together again on the ground, and finally lifted into position in five large sections by crane. The Wheel would need to withstand immense and constantly changing stresses as it rotated, so to make the structure more robust, the steel sections were bolted rather than welded together. Over 45,000 bolt holes were matched with their bolts, and each bolt was hand-tightened.

The Falkirk Wheel IELTS Reading Passage Part 4

The Wheel consists of two sets of opposing axe-shaped arms, attached about 25 metres apart to a fixed central spine.

Two diametrically opposed water-filled ‘gondolas’, each with a capacity of 360,000 litres, are fitted between the ends of the arms. These gondolas always weigh the same, whether or not they are carrying boats.

This is because, according to Archimedes’ principle of displacement, floating objects displace their own weight in water. So when a boat enters a gondola, the amount of water leaving the gondola weighs exactly the same as the boat. This keeps the Wheel balanced and so, despite its enormous mass, it rotates through 180° in five and a half minutes while using very little power. It takes just 1.5 kilowatt-hours (5.4 MJ) of energy to rotate the Wheel -roughly the same as boiling eight small domestic kettles of water.

The Falkirk Wheel IELTS Reading Passage Part 5

Boats needing to be lifted up enter the canal basin at the level of the Forth & Clyde Canal and then enter the lower gondola of the Wheel. Two hydraulic steel gates are raised, so as to seal the gondola off from the water in the canal basin. The water between the gates is then pumped out.

A hydraulic clamp, which prevents the arms of the Wheel from moving while the gondola is docked, is removed, allowing the Wheel to turn. In the central machine room, an array of ten hydraulic motors then begins to rotate the central axle. The axle connects to the outer arms of the Wheel, which begin to rotate at a speed of 1/8 of a revolution per minute. As the wheel rotates, the gondolas are kept in the upright position by a simple gearing system.

Also Read: How to Answer Flow Chart Questions in IELTS Reading Test? Guide to Bost IELTS Score

The Falkirk Wheel IELTS Reading Passage Part 6

Two eight-metre-wide cogs orbit a fixed inner cog of the same width, connected by two smaller cogs travelling in the opposite direction to the outer cogs – so ensuring that the gondolas always remain level. When the gondola reaches the top, the boat passes straight onto the aqueduct situated 24 metres above the canal basin.

The remaining 11 metres of lift needed to reach the Union Canal is achieved by means of a pair of locks. The Wheel could not be constructed to elevate boats over the full 35-metre difference between the two canals, owing to the presence of the historically important Antonine Wall, which was built by the Romans in the second century AD.

Boats travel under this wall via a tunnel, then through the locks, and finally on to the Union Canal.

Also Read: IELTS Reading Practice Test: Fill In The Blank Questions | Depletion of Natural Resources

The Falkirk Wheel IELTS Reading Passage Questions and Answers 

Do the subsequent assertions approve as true with the given evidence of the reading passage?

True -if the statement agrees with the reasoning.

False- if the statement contradicts the reasoning.

Not Given- if there’s no reasoning given on this.

#The Falkirk Wheel has associated the Forth & Clyde Canal with the Union Canal for the early duration in their record.

Answer: False

#There was some hostility to the layout of the Falkirk Wheel at initial.

Answer: Not given

#The Falkirk Wheel was originally put jointly at the setting where its elements were produced.

Answer: True

#The Falkirk Wheel is the only boat lift in the planet which has steel categories locked jointly by arm.

Answer: Not given

#The burden of the gondolas fluctuates according to the extent of the boat living brought.

Answer: False

#The building of the Falkirk Wheel location carried into summary the existence of a close historical memorial.

Answer: True

Also Read: Different Types of Questions in IELTS Reading: Things You Should Know about IELTS Questions


Reading the above article, you must have a picture of how to answer the questions in the IELTS reading exam. There are many articles on IELTS Ninja that will help you to solve the reading questions and also help in your preparation. Stay tuned for more and if any queries, please feel free to comment below.

Also Read: The Nature and Aims of Archaeology: Find Reading Answers for IELTS Reading Test

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