Individuals looking to go abroad often look at Canada as a viable option. Permanent Residents in Canada are thrice more from India than any other country. Canada’s immigration process is even more lenient to Indians than compared to citizens of other countries.
If you are looking forward to migrating to Canada, read this article till the end. This article talks about the Canadian PR process for students from India, the Canadian PR visa process and more about permanent residency in Canada. Continue reading this blog for more.
Canada PR Rules and Canada PR Rules for Indian Students
The basic options available to students planning to apply for Canada PR from India are as follows:
- Federal Economic Class
- Provincial Economic Class
- Transition Immigration (from temporary to permanent residents)
- Family Class Sponsorship
- Quebec Immigration
- Business Immigration
You can apply in any of the above-mentioned classes depending on the reason and need for your permanent residency. Selecting the correct visa program is essential as it will ensure higher chances for you and a much smoother Canada PR visa process.
You must make the right decision because selecting the wrong class can be a disaster. It is a hectic process to change these categories and you may be denied a visa if you choose the wrong class. It is essential that you take a look at all the classes and then decide which suits your needs best.
What is a Permanent Resident in Canada?
A permanent resident is an individual who has been granted a permanent resident status by immigrating to Canada, but he or she is not a Canadian citizen. Permanent residents belong or are citizens of other countries. A person immigrating to Canada temporarily like a student or a worker is not categorized as a permanent resident. Refugees often become permanent residents by the Government-Assisted Refugee Program or a Private Sponsorship Refugees Program.
An individual does not become a permanent resident just by making a claim. To become a permanent resident, the Immigration and Refugee Board must first approve the individual’s claim. Then only the individual can apply for permanent residency status in Canada.
What is the Application Process for Canadian Permanent Residency?
The first step is to select your program. There are different programs under each section. The Federal Economic Class program has Federal Skilled Trader Program, Federal Skilled Worker Program and the Canada Experience Program. To acquire a visa application in the federal economic program, you need to apply through Express Entry Systems.
In this system, candidates are required to submit and create a profile. Each profile is judged based on numerous factors. The people with the minimum and the maximum marks get an invitation to apply for various programs under the Federal Economic Class.
What is the Canada Permanent Resident Eligibility Process?
Individuals often wonder about the eligibility criteria for PR in Canada. The Canada Permanent Resident process is pretty simple. The Canadian government has implemented an Express Entry Immigration System under the Economic Class which includes a Federal Skilled Worker Program. The individual needs to meet basic eligibility criteria to apply for PR in Canada. The candidates who are ranked the highest will be invited to apply for permanent residence to Canada. The candidates will be judged under the skilled worker’s point grid, and they will be judged on the following factors:
- Employment Experience
- Arranged Employment
A candidate will need to secure a minimum of 67 out of 100 points to get invited for receiving permanent residentship in Canada. The minimum criterion as per the new PR rules are as follows:
Students need to secure a minimum of 16 points in this section, and they can secure a maximum of 28 points. Applicants who are capable of demonstrating high-level proficiency in either English or French will be considered. The proficiency in the first language section would be evaluated by marks obtained in the IELTS Test.
An applicant can be awarded a maximum of up to 25 points, and those are generally awarded to students with doctoral degrees. Those who have gained a degree from abroad will be evaluated by a third party to determine their Canadian equivalent and points will be awarded based on that.
Applicants can be awarded up to 12 points if they are between the ages of 18 to 35 years. Each year after the age of 35 will reduce the marks allotted by 1. No points will be awarded as of 47.
You need to have a minimum experience of 1 – year to gain 9 points and the maximum consideration is 6 years and you will be awarded 15 points for it.
The maximum points an applicant would get is 10 points. Applicants those who have a working experience of 1 year in a professional, technical, managerial or skilled trade occupation will be awarded maximum points.
Considerations would also be provided to applicants whose spouse have studied in Canada, those whose spouse has previous work experience in Canada, a spouse who knows of one of Canada’s official languages.
Applicants with a validated employment offer will gain 10 points under this section and an additional 5 points in the Adaptability selection section which will account for a total of 15 points.
How to Get a Permanent Resident Visa in Canada?
You need to understand how to start the Canada PR process. You need to create an account or profile in the Express Entry System. Once you submit the form, you will receive an invitation to apply for Canadian PR which will be valid for 90 days. You need to start applying for an online form and you need to submit a list of documents to procure a visa.
You need to make sure that the answers you fill out in the form are correct. If there are any discrepancies, your application will be rejected. You need to fill out all the mandatory details, you can save the form and resume from where you left off.
Once you have filled the application form you need to upload a scanned PDF of all the documents in proper order. After that, you need to pay the application fees. The application fee for each adult is $1325 and the fees for each child is $225. Once the payment process is successful you will be able to apply. You need to double-check all the information before you submit the form. You will get a call once you fill the form properly.
What is the Duration to Obtain PR in Canada?
Once you submit the forms, the verification process will begin. The Canada PR process generally takes 6 months in the express entry system. The duration may vary for different visa types. While your visa is processed you can complete your biometrics. You will be guided by the agency throughout the process. You might need to submit more documents and also appear in an interview if necessary. You will be constantly updated on your application process.
Once you receive the biometrics letter you will have 30 days to submit the biometrics. It is advised that you pay the application and biometrics fee at the same moment so that there is no delay in your PR process.
What are Provincial PR Programs?
Canada offers a Provincial Nominee Program for individuals who are interested in immigrating to a specific Canadian territory. There are different programs available under the system to obtain permanent residency. The applicant can use these programs if they are not able to obtain permanent residency under the Federal Economic Program. Each province might have a different procedure so research well before applying. The different programs are:
- Manitoba Immigration
- New Brunswick Immigration
- Newfoundland Immigration
- Nova Scotia Immigration
- Saskatchewan Immigration
- Prince Edward Island Immigration
- Ontario Immigration
- Quebec Immigration
- Alberta Immigration
- British Columbia Immigration
What are the New Rules for Canada PR?
Multiple changes have been made in the PR rules of a particular province of Canada. But what province of Canada is going to change PR rules? It’s Newfoundland and Labrador. In November 2020 Newfoundland and Labrador provincial government announced multiple immigration pathways that will allow newcomers to settle in the province.
These changes will allow the Newfound and Labrador government to retain highly educated and skilled candidates with work experiences in particular disciplines. This will also allow them to increase their labour shortages in certain high – growth areas.
Which Individuals are Eligible for Priority Skills Program?
Graduates of Memorial University who have graduated with a Masters or PhD degree within the past three years in the information and communication technology sector, the ocean technology sector, healthcare sector, agriculture sector, and aquaculture sector can apply for the Priority Skills Program.
Professionals who have work experience in the following departments will also be considered:
- Security Specialist
- Cloud Specialist
- Computer Network Support
- Software Developer
- Biomedical Engineer
- UI/UX Developer
- Electrical Engineer
- AI Developer
- Mechanical Engineer
- Python Developer
- .NET Developer
- Infrastructure Engineer
Individuals also need to demonstrate their language proficiency in English by attempting either the IELTS or the CELPIP with a minimum benchmark of level 5.
Other Methods to Immigrate to Newfoundland and Labrador
Individuals wanting to immigrate to Newfoundland and Labrador can pursue any of the below-mentioned options:
- Express Entry Skilled Worker Category: The category allows the provinces to nominate various skilled workers through Canada’s Federal Express Entry System. Individuals which are nominated by the province will have job offers in the specific province.
- The Skilled Workers Category: This category allows individuals who have received a job offer from an employer in the province to immigrate to Newfoundland and Labrador.
- International Graduate Category: This category is for students who are holders of the Post Graduate Workers Permit. The applicants must either have a job or a job offer in Newfoundland and Labrador.
- International Entrepreneur Category: This category is for those individuals who wish to settle and start a business in Newfoundland and Labrador. Candidates need to run their business for a year in the province before applying for this category.
Canada is one of the most sought after countries in North America for students wanting to migrate to. If you are wondering what is the new PR process for Canada, then this article might have helped you. You can visit IELTS Ninja to know more about IELTS preparation and course.