Nowadays candidates are not just aiming to normally pass the IELTS exam, they are aiming to score a good band. In IELTS Academic writing task 1, you write a report in a minimum of 150 words. The pie chart is one of the questions that can be asked in IELTS writing task 1. In order to score Band 7 or above, it becomes extremely important to examine the question well and find out key features that can be written. Let us see how to describe a pie chart in IELTS writing task 1.

How to Describe Pie Chart in IELTS Writing Task 1?

Utilize matter related words to retain continuity of and maintain a tally on the word count. Emphasis on developing the applicable information into your writing from the pie chart. Correlate the data on your Pie chart, do not get frightened.

In such circumstances, provide a conclusion of every diagram. So we can define a Pie Chart as a category of graph that illustrates information in a circular graph. Particularly, every portion of the pie is comparable to the size of that classification in the fraction as a sum. The whole “pie” indicates 100 percent of a total, while the pie “slices” represents fractions of the total.

Step 1: Read the Question Properly to Select Information

One of the foremost things to consider before writing about the pie chart is to read the question carefully. In the IELTS writing task 1 question itself, you can find basic information which you can select in order to firstly understand the question and then write an introduction. To select the information, you should go through the question statement, heading of pie chart diagram, labels of pie chart sections and any other text written at the bottom or anywhere.

Step 2: Start Writing Introduction

Once you are done with understanding the pie-chart question and now that you know what the question is about, you can start writing an introduction by using paraphrasing skills. You can make use of words or phrases written on the diagram heading or labels in order to better describe what the pie chart is about. For example,

Question statement:

The pie chart shows the amount of food eaten by youngsters in Australia in the year 2000.

Pie-chart heading:

Consumption of food by Australian Teenagers

By looking at the above information, you may paraphrase the statements and write your introduction as:


The pie chart that is given represents the percentage of food consumption by teenagers in Australia in 2000.

Also Read: Describe a Line that You Remember from a Poem or Song: IELTS Speaking Cue Card Topic

Step 3: Analyse the Pie Chart Carefully

As said earlier, it is really important to mention the key features of pie chart diagrams in IELTS writing task 1. You can come to know the important features only when you have understood the diagram well. In the pie chart, make sure to find out the highest and lowest percentage sections.

Apart from this, do note the second-highest proportion as well. You also need to compare and contrast in the pie chart diagram. For this, if there are two or more than two pie charts, notice the similarities and differences in the percentage sections. Notifying the trend would be good to see whether the percentage has been increasing or decreasing.

Step 4: Start Writing Body Paragraph

Keep in mind that coherence and cohesion are the two important parameters as well in IELTS writing task 1. Hence, make sure that you write everything logically. There should be proper paragraphing and flow of key features in the right order that could look understandable to the reader.

Writing in random order picking out key features from any of the pie charts in any order can confuse the reader. Also, do make use of connectives such as whereas, however, on the other hand, etc. to compare and contrast.

Step 5: Write Conclusion

The conclusion is the major aspect of the pie chart diagram in IELTS writing task 1. Some people prefer writing it after the introduction while others write it at the end. Wherever you place the conclusion, keep in mind that it should reflect the overall idea of the question.

There is one tip that you may follow for writing the conclusion in a pie-chart. You may mention the highest proportion and/or the lowest proportion out of the pie charts to write a conclusion.

Pie Chart Task 1 IELTS

The candidates are anticipated to write a small expressive report which is based on optical data or information. This optical data may be introduced as a pie chart.

Tips & Tricks for Pie Chart

# Every time, focus your attention on the smallest and biggest proportion

# You should highlight the main change/ trends when there are different periods of time in 2 pie charts.

# In order to represent/ accounts of /comprise of – use the language of the pie chart.

# When in the preceding sentence the units have not been expressed then the phrase that should be used is “Units are measured in”.

Writing Task 1

The candidates are expected to write 150 words at least after analysing a graph, pie chart or table in the writing exam of IELTS.

Steps to follow in writing test 1:

# 1. Understanding the format of marking- being conscious of the criteria of marking will help you know more about how to write the paper to score and give precisely the answers that the examiners.

# 2. Express the meaning using different words- in the first paragraph, it is best to paraphrase the question by using synonyms.

# 3. Write the overview – pick a few of the important features and write the overview, without validating any data.

# 4. Contribute to the key features in another paragraph, contribute to the main features with information that is given to you in data form.

# 5. Inspect your work- spelling mistakes or any grammatical error check it before handing over the report to the examiner. And also confirm the data you used is accurate.

Also Read: Essay Writing for IELTS: Learn How to Write an Essay for IELTS Writing Task 2

Essential Information of Writing Task 1

In order to improve your weaknesses and score more, these points will help you acknowledge the exam.

# Candidates will write a report on data sets, maps or processes in the Academic exam and candidates who opted for General Training will write letters.

# 150 words or more should be written by the candidates.

# 20 minutes should be given to this part of the exam by the candidates.

# The candidates have to focus on writing task1, as it is worth 33% marks of the total of the writing test.

# The candidates will be evaluated in 4 areas:

Area Percentage
Task Achievement 25%
Coherence and Cohesion 25%
Vocabulary 25%
Grammatical Range and Accuracy 25%

# The main thing is that the candidates can display whether they can fluently communicate in English or not.

# The main thing to score well is to know what the examiners want and give them exactly the answer they are expecting.

Also Read: Types of Movies for IELTS Speaking and Writing Task: All Sample Questions

IELTS Writing Task 1 Pie Chart

Sometimes there are two charts given in the test and the candidate needs to make a report out of the data or information given in the question and analyze the charts accurately in order to avoid any kind of inaccuracy.

# The introduction of each chart should be written in two separate paragraphs in order to avoid mixing of information.

# After the introduction you can write an overview from the given information which should be separate from the content, just a brief about what the information is about. Do not mix an overview with a conclusion.

# Four paragraphs are required in total when you write the report, including all the details filled accurately.

# So the four paragraphs will include: first the introduction about the given information followed by an overview. In one body paragraph, you have to describe one chart and in another paragraph, you have to write details about the other chart separately.

You have to follow the simple steps in order to score well and give the examiner the answer that he will be expecting. Mention every detail precisely and keep track of spelling mistakes and grammatical errors and avoid them because this will show your knowledge about the English Language as well.

IELTS Preparation

You can prepare for the IELTS Exam by sitting at home at your ease by following few simple things:

Practice Questions in Order to Test Yourself

Once you are done with understanding a topic, do a few questions and after that try some practice paper questions so that you can understand where you need to concentrate more and improve your strengths. You can get an IELTS authentic practice test on Google and you will find answers along with it. You can also go for IELTSninja for other queries.

Try Out IELTS Computer Delivered Test

Computer Delivered practice IELTS Test will help you understand the pattern and you will know what kind of questions you need to concentrate on don’t worry about what if you choose the paper-based test for IELTS, the intensity of the question is going to be the same so for the practice, you go for any mode just to gain the knowledge.

Inspect Your Bookshelf

When was the last time you checked your book yourself? If it’s been very long then you should look at it because this is the time you need to read. Like the magazines, novels or grammar books of old classes, this is the perfect time to improve your skills by practising, seeing and learning. It will also improve vocabulary. It will upgrade your scores in the speaking test in the IELTS Exam.

Learn and Gain More Knowledge about the IELTS Exam

Take some time out and do a little bit of research about the IELTS exam. Before appearing for any kind of exam you should at least have good knowledge about the exam so that you can have more scope to score well. Search more about each of the skills.


Join Sessions

Try joining online sessions, ask your queries, comment and answer the questions in that way you will improve yourself more and more. Learning under the guidance will help you rectify the small mistakes that bring a big change in your answers. Try to utilise the opportunity that you get from the sessions.

Try to Improve Your English

You can do fun activities as well, do not just stress yourself out because of exams. Try reading travel blog posts and watching English based movies. It will improve your vocabulary and freshen up your mind as well.

Stay Positive

The most important point is to stay positive, keep yourself calm, don’t rush yourself because it will only harm your mental and physical health. So be confident and have strong willpower and you will be able to crack the exam.

Also Read:How to Prepare for IELTS? A Detailed Guide for Ensured Success in 2021

IELTS Online

You can prepare for the IELTS exam with assistance through online courses. IELTSninja gives you the guidance you need to crack the exam.

# It will be easier for you to access, just by sitting at home in your own comfort you can learn from anywhere anytime.

# You will be under professional guidance, so you don’t have to worry that whether you are going on the right track or not, the assistance will help you rectify all the small mistakes, and help you improve yourself

# You will get the recorded version of your course so no worries about missing out on any topic, you can rewind as many times you want, till the time you understand the topic fully.

# More practice tests online IELTSninja will prepare practice tests for you, you don’t have to go around looking for questions instead just focus on your preparation.

# You will get one-on-one guidance, you can ask questions without feeling uncomfortable.

# You will gain more confidence, which will help you crack the exam.

# Offline courses will only divert your mind since you have to travel to that place, be present physically and sometimes it gets uncomfortable to ask questions.

Also Read: IELTS Mock Test 2021: How to Prepare for IELTS Exam Like a Pro this Year?


You can score a good band if you are dedicated and practice regularly. Learn every day, gain more knowledge from your surroundings and improve your English. Hopefully, the article helped you with your preparation of writing task 1 pie chart. If you want detailed information you can visit the IELTSninja website, you will find everything that you need to know about the IELTS exam. So all the best for your exam. Which portion do you think is important to score? Share your thoughts with us. Comment in the below section.

Content Protection by

About the Author


Shilpa is a professional web content writer and is in deep love with travelling. She completed her mass communication degree and is now dedicatedly playing with words to guide her readers to get the best for themselves. Developing educational content for UPSC, IELTS aspirants from breakthrough research work is her forte. Strongly driven by her zodiac sign Sagittarius, Shilpa loves to live her life on her own notes and completely agrees with the idea of ‘live and let live. Apart from writing and travelling, most of the time she can be seen in the avatar of 'hooman' mom to her pets and street dogs or else you can also catch her wearing the toque blanche and creating magic in the kitchen on weekends.

View All Articles