Are you one the people who are interested to migrate to Australia? If yes, then this article is best suited for you. This article talks about the Australia PR process from India, the Australia PR visa process, the Australia PR points calculator, and more about the Permanent Residency for Australia. So, let’s get started.

What is the Process of Getting PR in Australia? Australia PR Processing Time

Australia’s PR process steps start with your application to get a permanent visa. There are different kinds of permanent visas for Australia and the Australia PR visa process for each visa is not the same. So depending on the kind of visa you want to apply for the PR process from Australia differs.

The three most common ways of becoming a permanent resident in Australia are:

  • Family-stream permanent visa
  • Work-stream permanent visa
  • Business or investor-stream permanent visa

Australia’s PR processing time differs from each kind of visa. The subclass 190 visa takes around 6.5 months to 8 months to process, whereas the subclass 489/ 491 visa takes around 12 to 14 months to process. The processing time depends on the kind of visa one person is applying for.

Eligibility to Apply for Australian PR

Now let’s look at the eligibility to apply for Australian PR.

The basis of the eligibility is health, character, English language, biometrics, Providing accurate information, and Australian value.

Now let’s look at the basic health requirements to get an Australian PR.

Australia requires people to meet the set conditions for their health. Most of the applicants need to meet the minimum health standards in order to gain a visa. The reason for the health standard is to ensure that the safety of other citizens of Australia can be maintained.

It will also help them to understand how much the government should spend on services for healthcare. It also ensures that a permanent resident of Australia can access health and community services.

Also Read: UK Work Visa and Immigration Rules: Everything You Need to Know

Health Eligibility

Sometimes even your family members will need to meet the health requirements for the visa even though they are not migrating.

So who needs a health examination? This answer actually depends on the application of your visa. Some types of visas do not require any examination whereas a few will require to test those who are not migrating too in your family.

A test will be mandatory for anyone travelling from a country where the risk of Ebola or Polio is very high but make sure you know if your visa application requires a test or no.

English Language

There are necessary terms to qualify in the English Language if a person is applying for a visa under the following conditions:

  • Students visas
  • Skilled visas
  • Some permanent visas

The levels of English are divided and each level has a different requirement. This requirement is different for each application. So ensure you read the eligibility requirement for your application.

The areas are:

  • Functional English
  • Vocational English
  • Competent English
  • Proficient English
  • Superior English

Also Read: Click to Learn about Australia Study Visa Requirements along with the Band Requirement

Functional English

To prove your ability in functional English the following terms must be met:

  • If you are a citizen of the USA, UK, Canada, Republic of Ireland or New Zealand.
  • Or your English has been assessed by an Australian Adult Migrant English Program service provider.
  • Or in the 12 months before your application for a visa, you wrote a standardised test like the IELTS, TOEFL IBT, PTE Academic, CAE.
  • An average band score of 4.5 is required in all the 4 bands for candidates who have written the IELTS exam.
  • Some visas will also require you to submit other forms, so ensure you verify each step carefully.

Vocational English

To prove your Vocational English Ability you have to provide evidence of the following:

  • You are a citizen of the United States of America, the United Kingdom, Canada, Republic of Ireland or New Zealand. You also need to have a valid passport.
  • Or you have taken one of the following tests 3 years before you applied for the visa: the IELTS, TOEFL IBT, PTE Academic, CAE.
  • The minimum score required for IELTS exam is a minimum 5 in each of the 4 components which are speaking, writing, reading and listening
  • Some visas will also require you to submit other forms, so ensure you verify each step carefully.

Also Read: IELTS Band for Canada Immigration 2020: How Many Points Required for Canada PR 2020?

Component English

To prove your Component English Ability, you have to provide evidence of the following:

  • You are a citizen of the United Kingdom, Canada, New Zealand, Republic of Ireland or the United States of America and hold a valid passport from the country.
  • Or you have written one of the following exams in 3 years before your application for the visa: the IELTS, TOEFL IBT, PTE Academic, OET, CAE.
  • Candidates must get a minimum score of 6 for each of the 4 components of the exam tests, anything less than that will not be accepted under this category.
  • The time to provide proof under this category depends on the application type and the visa type. So make sure you read the conditions in detail.

Proficient English

To prove your Proficient English ability, the candidate has to provide proof of an exam to test your ability in the English language which was taken no more than 3 years prior to the date of application for the particular visa the candidate desires.

The exams are IELTS, TOEFL IBT, PTE Academic, OET, Cambridge C1 Advance test.

The minimum marks or score required from a student appearing for the IELTS exam is at least 7 for each component, which are speaking, listening, reading and writing.

Superior English

For a candidate to prove that they have possessed the ability to have Superior English, they have to write any of the following exams three years before the application date of their visa: IELTS, TOEFL IBT, PTE Academic, OET, Cambridge C1 Advance test.

The minimum marks a candidate needs to secure while writing the IELTS exam to prove their Superior English skill is a score of 8 in each of the 4 components. A score below the standard will not be accepted.

Australia PR Points Calculator

The PR system is based on points. A candidate gets points based on various aspects. Their age, the English Skill, their education level, Australian Experience, Overseas Experience, etc.

The maximum points one can score in the English skill is 20 and that is by proving their superior English skill. Thus a candidate will require a band of 8 in IELTS to get maximum marks for the English Language Skill section.

You can use the Australia PR points Calculator here and check your score!


Are you looking to understand the Australia PR process from India? Then your worries end here. This article talks about the eligibility criteria and the PR process for Australia and provides you with the minimum IELTS requirement for getting a PR in Australia. This article will help you to answer questions like what is the process of PR in Australia?

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About the Author


Shilpa is a professional web content writer and is in deep love with travelling. She completed her mass communication degree and is now dedicatedly playing with words to guide her readers to get the best for themselves. Developing educational content for UPSC, IELTS aspirants from breakthrough research work is her forte. Strongly driven by her zodiac sign Sagittarius, Shilpa loves to live her life on her own notes and completely agrees with the idea of ‘live and let live. Apart from writing and travelling, most of the time she can be seen in the avatar of 'hooman' mom to her pets and street dogs or else you can also catch her wearing the toque blanche and creating magic in the kitchen on weekends.

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