Are you studying for the IELTS exam and hoping to take it in the year 2022? If you answered yes, this page will provide you with the IELTS reading answers as well as other vital data about IELTS preparation.

You should book your slot as soon as possible to get a head start on your preparation and edits. The IELTS exam is divided into two parts: Academic and General. Both of them are aiming for separate places. Regardless of whether you’re studying for an Academic or General test, you’ll need time to prepare properly.

Also Read: IELTS Essay Questions for 2022: Top IELTS Writing Topics for Preparation

Antarctica Research IELTS Reading Answers

Experts estimate that 6-8 weeks of preparation is required to pass the exam and arrive at your destination. Furthermore, given the unpredictability of COVID-19 shutdowns, you should budget for some extra time. It’s usually a good idea to have some extra knowledge and preparation on hand.

So, in this article, we’ll get the IELTS reading exam answers so that you can prepare correctly.

IELTS Reading Passage

Also Read: Goodbye Party for John IELTS Listening Answers: Let’s Listen and Understand for IELTS Exam


A little over a century ago, men of the ilk of Scott, Shackleton and Mawson battled against Antarctica’s blizzards, cold and deprivation. In the name of Empire and age of heroic deeds, they created an image of Antarctica that was to last well into the 20th century – an image of remoteness, hardship, bleakness and isolation that was the province of only the most courageous of men. The image was one of a place removed from everyday reality, of a place with no apparent value to anyone.


As we enter the 21st century, our perception of Antarctica has changed. Although physically Antarctica is no closer and probably no warmer, and to spend time there still demands a dedication not seen in ordinary life, the continent and its surrounding ocean are increasingly seen to be an integral part of Planet Earth, and a key component in the Earth System. Is this because the world seems a little smaller these days, shrunk by TV and tourism, or is it because Antarctica does occupy a central spot on Earth’s mantle?

Scientific research during the past half-century has revealed – and continues to reveal – that Antarctica’s great mass and low temperature exert a major influence on climate and ocean circulation, factors that influence the lives of millions of people all over the globe.


Antarctica was not always cold. The slow break-up of the super-continent Gondwana with the northward movements of Africa, South America, India and Australia eventually created enough space around Antarctica for the development of an Antarctic Circumpolar Current (ACC), that flowed from west to east under the influence of the prevailing westerly winds. Antarctica cooled, its vegetation perished, glaciation began and the continent took on its present-day appearance.

Today the ice that overlies the bedrock is up to 4km thick, and surface temperatures as low as – 89.2deg C have been recorded. The icy blast that howls over the ice cap and out to sea – the so-called katabatic wind – can reach 300 km/hr, creating fearsome wind-chill effects.


Out of this extreme environment come to some powerful forces that reverberate around the world. The Earth’s rotation, coupled to the generation of cells of low pressure off the Antarctic coast, would allow Astronauts a view of Antarctica that is as beautiful as it is awesome. Spinning away to the northeast, the cells grow and deepen, whipping up the Southern Ocean into the mountainous seas so respected by mariners.

Also Read: Birth Statistics IELTS Listening Answers: Prepare for IELTS Exam with the Best Tutoring Guide


Recent work is showing that the temperature of the ocean may be a better predictor of rainfall in Australia than is the pressure difference between Darwin and Tahiti – the Southern Oscillation Index. By receiving more accurate predictions, graziers in northern Queensland can avoid overstocking in years when rainfall will be poor.

Not only does this limit their losses but it prevents serious pasture degradation that may take decades to repair. CSIRO is developing this as a prototype forecasting system, but we can confidently predict that as we know more about the Antarctic and the Southern Ocean we will be able to enhance and extend our predictive ability.


The ocean’s surface temperature results from the interplay between deep-water temperature, air temperature and ice. Each winter between 4 and 19 million square km of sea ice form, locking up huge quantities of heat close to the continent.

Only now can we start to unravel the influence of sea ice on the weather that is experienced in southern Australia. But in another way, the extent of sea ice extends its influence far beyond Antarctica.

Antarctic krill – the small shrimp-like crustaceans that are the staple diet for baleen whales, penguins, some seals, flighted sea birds and many fish – breed well in years when sea ice is extensive and poorly when it is not. Many species of baleen whales and flighted sea birds migrate between the hemispheres and when the krill are less abundant they do not thrive.


The circulatory system of the world’s oceans is like a huge conveyor belt, moving water and dissolved minerals and nutrients from one hemisphere to the other, and from the ocean’s abyssal depths to the surface.

The ACC is the longest current in the world and has the largest flow. Through it, the deep flows of the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans are joined to form part of a single global thermohaline circulation. During winter, the howling katabatic sometimes scour the ice off patches of the sea’s surface leaving large ice-locked lagoons, or ‘polynyas’.


Recent research has shown that as fresh sea ice forms, it is continuously stripped away by the wind and maybe blown up to 90km in a single day. Since only freshwater freezes into ice, the water that remains becomes increasingly salty and dense, sinking until it spills over the continental shelf.

Coldwater carries more oxygen than warm water, so when it rises, well into the northern hemisphere, it reoxygenates and revitalises the ocean. The state of the northern oceans and their biological productivity owe much to what happens in the Antarctic.

Also Read: IELTS Listening Practice Test 2022 with Answers: Let’s Get Perfect to Ace the IELTS Exam!

IELTS Reading Answers


IELTS Exam Preparation

Because of the high level of competition, the IELTS exam is difficult for candidates to pass, but if you have thoroughly rehearsed and prepared all of the sections, you can easily pass the exam and relocate to your preferred nation.

Each section of the IELTS exam requires your whole attention. This is why IELTS Ninja specialists explain things to you in a logical order, beginning with the portion that interests you so that you can understand everything. As a result, instead of wasting time looking for new platforms, go to the one that is there in front of you.


Hopefully, you’ve learned everything you needed to know about the IELTS reading answers. If you are concerned about a particular section of the IELTS exam, or if you are preparing for the IELTS exam and finding some topics or sections difficult to understand, you have the opportunity to meet some of the world’s best experts and professionals. You are free to ask any questions you have and we will gladly answer them.

Furthermore, the best aspect is that you may attend expert-led individualised lectures where you can grasp and master subjects at your own pace. As a result, you have the option of making your goal a reality by selecting the best place for your preparation.

Also Read: IELTS Exam 2022: Check Out the Latest IELTS Exam Dates, Notifications, and Patterns!

Content Protection by

About the Author

Shruti Rag

Shruti is a creative and enthusiastic content writer along with being a budding journalist. She is a genuine-hearted and exploring girl with a dash of millennial approach. Her love for speaking and writing has made her pursue her bachelor's in journalism and mass communication. She believes in the quote, "if you will never fail in life, you will never rise like a phoenix from its ashes''. She gives strengthening and positive paths to the students by her content. Her interest lies in reading, traveling, and singing. Innovations and realism let you discover your identity. She has faith in wisdom and determination to touch the skies.

View All Articles