The reading section of the IELTS exam is crucial since it helps you to earn high marks. You must extensively practice the passages and learn to accurately answer questions based on the subject throughout your preparation. In this article, you will find the Adolescent reading answers topic with sample questions and answers. Read on to learn how to tackle these passages.
IELTS Reading Answers Topic: Adolescent
This topic will help you learn how to get a good score in this section:
Adolescent Reading Answers Paragraph A
The American Academy of Paediatrics recognizes three stages of adolescence. These are early, middle and late adolescence, and each has its developmental tasks. Teenagers move through these tasks at their speed depending on their physical development and hormone levels. Although these stages are common to all teenagers, each child will go through them in his or her own highly individual ways.
Adolescent Reading Answers Paragraph B
During the early years, young people make the first attempts to leave the dependent, secure role of a child and to establish themselves as unique individuals, independent of their parents. Early adolescence is marked by rapid physical growth and maturation.
The focus of adolescents’ self-concepts is thus often on their physical self and their evaluation of their physical acceptability. Early adolescence is also a period of intense conformity to peers. ‘Getting along,’ not being different, and being accepted seem somehow pressing to the early adolescent. The worst possibility, from the view of the early adolescent, is to be seen by peers as ‘different’.
Adolescent Reading Answers Paragraph C
Middle adolescence is marked by the emergence of new thinking skills. The intellectual world of the young person is suddenly greatly expanded. Their concerns about peers are more directed toward their opposite sexed peers. It is also during this period that the move to establish psychological independence from one’s parents accelerates.
Delinquency behaviour may emerge since parental views are no longer seen as absolutely correct by adolescents. Despite some delinquent behaviour, middle adolescence is a period during which young people are oriented toward what is proper. They are developing a sense of behavioural maturity and learning to control their impulsiveness.
Adolescent Reading Answers Paragraph D
Late adolescence is marked by the final preparations for adult roles. The developmental demands of late adolescence often extend into the period that we think of as young adulthood. Late adolescents attempt to crystallise their vocational goals and establish a sense of personal identity. Their needs for peer approval are diminished and they are largely psychologically independent from their parents. The shift to adulthood is nearly complete.
Adolescent Reading Answers Paragraph E
Some years ago, Professor Robert Havighurst of the University of Chicago proposed that stages in human development can best be thought of in terms of the developmental tasks that are part of the normal transition. He identified eleven developmental tasks associated with the adolescent transition.
One developmental task an adolescent needs to achieve is to adjust to a new physical sense of self. At no other time since birth does an individual undergo such rapid and profound physical changes as during early adolescence. Puberty is marked by sudden rapid growth in height and weight.
Also, the young person experiences the emergence and accentuation of those physical traits that make him or her a boy or girl. The effect of this rapid change is that young adolescents often become focused on their body.
Adolescent Reading Answers Paragraph F
Before adolescence, children’s thinking is dominated by a need to have a concrete example for any problem that they solve. Their thinking is constrained to what is real and physical. During adolescence, young people begin to recognize and understand abstractions.
The adolescent must adjust to increased cognitive demands at school. Adults see high school in part as a place where adolescents prepare for adult roles and responsibilities and in part as preparatory for further education. School curricula are frequently dominated by the inclusion of more abstract, demanding material, regardless of whether the adolescents have achieved formal thought.
Since not all adolescents make the intellectual transition at the same rate, demands for abstract thinking before the achievement of that ability may be frustrating.
Adolescent Reading Answers Paragraph G
During adolescence, as teens develop increasingly complex knowledge systems and a sense of self, they also adopt an integrated set of values and morals. During the early stages of moral development, parents provide their child with a structured set of rules of what is right and wrong, what is acceptable and unacceptable.
Eventually, the adolescent must assess the parents’ values as they come into conflict with values expressed by peers and other segments of society. To reconcile differences, the adolescent restructures those beliefs into a personal ideology.
Adolescent Reading Answers Paragraph H
The adolescent must develop expanded verbal skills. As adolescents mature intellectually, as they face increased school demands, and as they prepare for adult roles, they must develop new verbal skills to accommodate more complex concepts and tasks. Their limited language of childhood is no longer adequate. Adolescents may appear less competent because of their inability to express themselves meaningfully.
Adolescent Reading Answers Paragraph I
The adolescent must establish emotional and psychological independence from his or her parents. Childhood is marked by a strong dependence on one’s parents. Adolescents may yearn to keep that safe, secure, supportive, dependent relationship.
Yet, to be an adult implies a sense of independence, of autonomy, of being one’s person. Adolescents may vacillate between their desire for dependence and their need to be independent. In an attempt to assert their need for independence and individuality, adolescents may respond with what appears to be hostility and a lack of cooperation.
Adolescent Reading Answers Paragraph J
Adolescents do not progress through these multiple developmental tasks separately. At any given time, adolescents may be dealing with several. Further, the centrality of specific developmental tasks varies with early, middle, and late periods of the transition.
Adolescent Reading Answers Sample Questions & Answers
Fill in The Gaps
The focus of adolescents’ self-concepts is thus often on their physical self and their evaluation of their ___.
Ans. physical acceptability.
Some years ago, ___ of the University of Chicago proposed that stages in human development can best be thought of in terms of the developmental tasks that are part of the normal transition.
Ans. Professor Robert Havighurst
The adolescent must develop expanded ___.
Ans. verbal skills
Puberty is marked by sudden rapid growth in ___.
Ans. height and weight
___ may emerge since parental views are no longer seen as absolutely correct by adolescents.
Ans. Delinquency behaviour
Give a Synonym
Their thinking is constrained to what is real and physical.
Adolescents may appear less competent because of their inability to express themselves meaningfully.
Before adolescence, children’s thinking is dominated by a need to have a concrete example for any problem that they solve.
Their needs for peer approval are diminished and they are largely psychologically independent from their parents.
Many organisations provide both official and unofficial practice exams that you should use to prepare for the exam. Before registering for any platform, there are a few things to think about. To begin, the level of difficulty should be comparable to what you would face on exam day. Second, duties should be as near to the genuine thing as feasible. If you feel you need additional practice, you can do so by reading on your own.
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