IELTS exam is an internationally acclaimed English language proficiency test that the British Council conducts in association with other agencies in various countries. IELTS stands for International English Language Test System. People and students who wish to move to an English-speaking country like the UK, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and so on appear for this exam.

More than 1000 institutes, educational and otherwise, accept the scores of this test as evidence of English language proficiency. The exam has four different sections, and the examinee has to appear for all of them. The four sections consist of IELTS Speaking, IELTS Reading, IELTS Writing, and IELTS Listening. The Reading, Writing and Listening sections are completed on the same day without breaks. The Speaking section is either scheduled on the same day of the exam or a week before or after the exam date.

To understand the Reading Section of the IELTS exam better, let’s take a look at a reading passage, “Ecotourism”.

Ecotourism Reading Passage Answers

Tourism is just for wealthy people. If you still consider this old misconception, then you are out of sync with modern times. Today, tourism is easily accessible to diverse sectors of humanity. Adventure lovers, nature freaks, entrepreneurs, etc., are responsible for the rapidly developing sectors of the world’s economy.

Section A

Tourism is one of the biggest money-making industries. It has witnessed notable growth since the later part of the 1980s. However, due to some inevitable circumstances on 11th September of 2001, it got affected mildly. The consequent financial advantages for governments are very well registered as tourism promotes foreign financing and transactions.

Extensive resorts and public infrastructure were the only acknowledgement to thriving marketing and improved vacationist’s demands. It is no astonishment that the immediate impact on the environment and local or native communities became an argumentative concern. Hence, the Government and extensive businesses became the primary targets of the ecologists and eco-activists who debated that mass tourism is not a sustainable option. This was because vacationists frequently congested the beaches and parklands and exploited the natural resources. This led to the origin of ecotourism.

Also Read: Describe a Crowded Place You have Visited: An Interesting Sample Cue Card Topic for IELTS Exam

Section B

The idea of ecotourism as an environment-based, ethically delicate figure of tourism was driven up with enthusiasm since there seemed to be some sufferers. Governments were provided suitable escape plans as ecotourism satisfied the eco-conservationists and regional populations but still rendered earnings. Eco-conservationists observed ecotourism as an option to mass tourism as well as its natural resource abusing ways. Regional populations thought of getting at least a part of the vacationist’s money, generating employment possibilities and providing them control over the impact on their own communities. It appeared that the advantages of mass tourism were to be developed in the modern phase of ecotourism to include ethical, communal and ecological elements.

Section C

As proof of the benefits of eco-tourism became available, the practice grew in popularity. The United Nations declared 2002 to be the International Year of Ecotourism. As ecotourism spread over the world, the meaning of the term became less apparent. An eco-tourist is a person who does not want to add on to the negative impact of large scale tourism. An eco-tourist usually travels the local areas with small groups.

Such people travel in an attempt to ‘tread lightly on the earth. These local regions they travel are more sustainable in nature since the resources are utilised to the maximum capacity.  Their landscaping methods involve recycling and energy conservation practices. For such eco-tourists, holiday travelling is more of a learning experience of the local environment.

Below are the sample questions and answers to the ecotourism reading passage and their ecotourism reading answers key.

IELTS Reading Passage Questions and Answers

(Questions 1-4 are of these types)

Given below is a list of a few headings. Choose a proper heading for Sections A to E.

List of Headings

#1 Explanation of Ecotourism

#2 Call for Ecotourism

#3 Fate of Ecotourism

#4 Examining the Sustainability


Section B – ____


Section B – #2

IELTS Reading Passage Questions and Answers

(Questions 5-9 are of these types)

Finish the following statements by utilising the words mentioned in the passage. You can only use a maximum of 3 words to complete these sentences.

#5 Frequently congested beaches and exploitation of resources are proof that ___________ should not be permitted.

Answer: Mass Tourism

IELTS Reading Passage Questions and Answers

(Questions 10-13 are of these types)

Choose the exact alphabet from A to D to answer the following statements/questions.

#10 The main aim of the writer is to

# Point out the economic benefits of tourism.

# Outline the impact of tourism on the environment.

# Introduce the concept of ecotourism.

# Explain the origins of ecotourism.

Answer: B)

#11 The ecotourist

# Is often a victim of false advertising by unethical tour operators.

# Accepts the restrictions that are placed on natural habitats.

# Can unintentionally contribute to the negative effects of tourism.

# Never goes to larger-scale tourist resorts.

Answer: C)

#12 The ecotourism market

# Is more obvious to affect natural localities.

# is expected to limit the retailing of unfair tour administrators.

# anticipates repatriating earnings from regional populations.

# is sustainable than that of mass tourism.

Answer: D)

Sample Questions

These sample questions with ecotourism reading answers will help you develop a sense of what to expect in the IELTS reading exam. However, remember to write your answers in the given answer sheet even if space is provided in the question paper.

There are many question types one can expect in the IELTS Reading Test, such as labelling a diagram, classification, short-answer questions.

Also Read: Describe Your Favourite Clothes Cue Card Topic: IELTS Exam Speaking Test


We hope that the sample passage above will help you prepare better for the Ecotourism IELTS Reading passages. Begin your IELTS Reading preparation by reading as many texts and paragraphs as you can from various reliable sources. Try to comprehend what the author writes through their piece rather than just reading through. Read through previous year’s IELTS reading passages and skim through their answers to better understand what can be expected and how to answer the same.

You can find tons of IELTS reading passages and answers just like the ecotourism reading passage answers on our website IELTS Ninja. Besides that, we also publish blogs and articles that may help you in your IELTS journey. Join us today for an immersive and holistic learning experience. We provide one-on-one sessions and professional mentoring. With over 80,000 IELTS success stories, now it’s your time to shine.

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About the Author


Shilpa is a professional web content writer and is in deep love with travelling. She completed her mass communication degree and is now dedicatedly playing with words to guide her readers to get the best for themselves. Developing educational content for UPSC, IELTS aspirants from breakthrough research work is her forte. Strongly driven by her zodiac sign Sagittarius, Shilpa loves to live her life on her own notes and completely agrees with the idea of ‘live and let live. Apart from writing and travelling, most of the time she can be seen in the avatar of 'hooman' mom to her pets and street dogs or else you can also catch her wearing the toque blanche and creating magic in the kitchen on weekends.

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