Converting Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) into a percentage is a common requirement for students, especially when applying for jobs, scholarships, or further studies. While the CGPA scale varies from one educational institution to another, the conversion process helps standardize academic performance evaluation. In this article, we will delve into the step-by-step procedure for accurately converting CGPA into a percentage. Let’s grab all the details from the article. 

What is CGPA? 

Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) is a metric used to measure a student’s overall academic performance across multiple semesters or years. CGPA takes into account the cumulative performance over the entire duration of a program.

The CGPA is calculated by assigning grade points to each subject based on the student’s performance, and then taking the weighted average of these grade points. The formula to calculate CGPA is quite similar to the one used for SGPA, with the only difference being that you consider all semesters’ grade points and credits.

Here’s how you can calculate CGPA:

Step 1: For each subject in every semester:

Assign the appropriate grade point based on the obtained grade.

Multiply the grade point by the credit hours of that subject.

Step 2: Sum up the total grade points obtained across all subjects and all semesters.

Step 3: Sum up the total credits (credit hours) for all subjects taken across all semesters.

Step 4: Divide the total grade points by the total credits to get your CGPA.

CGPA = ∑ (Ci*GPi)/ ∑ Ci


Ci- Credit Points 

GPi – Grade Points

CGPA is widely used in educational institutions for various purposes, including determining academic standing, eligibility for honors, and assessing overall academic progress throughout a student’s academic journey.

Also Read: IELTS Score Validity: How Long is IELTS Score Valid?

Understanding CGPA and Percentage Scales

Before delving into the conversion process, it’s important to understand the scales used for CGPA and percentage. CGPA is a scale typically ranging from 1.0 to 10.0, with 10.0 being the highest achievable CGPA. On the other hand, the percentage scale typically ranges from 0% to 100%, with 100% being the highest attainable percentage.

Conversion Formula

The process of converting CGPA into a percentage involves a straight forward formula:

\text{Percentage} = \frac{\text{CGPA}}{\text{CGPA Scale}} \times 100 Percent= 

CGPA Scale



For example, if your CGPA is 8.5 on a 10.0 scale, the calculation would be:

\text{Percentage} = \frac{8.5}{10.0} \times 100 = 85\%Percentage= 


Steps to Convert CGPA into Percentage

# Obtain Your CGPA: First and foremost, you need to know your CGPA. This information can usually be found on your academic transcripts or grade reports.

# Identify the CGPA Scale: Find out the maximum CGPA scale used by your educational institution. This information is crucial for the conversion formula.

# Plug Values into the Formula: Using the formula mentioned above, plug in your CGPA and the CGPA scale to calculate the equivalent percentage.

# Round off if Necessary: In some cases, the converted percentage might be a decimal value. Depending on the convention of your institution or the application you’re submitting, you might need to round off the percentage to the nearest whole number.

# Mention Both CGPA and Percentage: When presenting your academic achievements, it’s wise to include both your CGPA and the converted percentage. This provides a clear picture of your performance on both scales.

# Verify Institutional Guidelines: Some institutions might have specific guidelines for converting CGPA into a percentage. Always make sure to verify if your institution follows any specific method or rounding rules.

Also Read: What is the Eligibility for PR in Canada? Eligibility for Express Entry from India

Advantages and Disadvantages of CGPA 

The Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) system is widely used in educational institutions to evaluate students’ academic performance. Here are the advantages and disadvantages of the CGPA system:


# Clarity and Transparency: The CGPA system provides a clear and standardized way of assessing students’ performance. It simplifies the evaluation process by converting various marks and grades into a single numerical value.

# Flexibility: CGPA allows students to explore a broader range of subjects and interests. It provides flexibility in choosing elective courses and exploring interdisciplinary studies.

# Holistic Evaluation: CGPA considers the overall performance of a student over a period of time, rather than just focusing on a single exam. This encourages continuous learning and improvement.

# Reduced Stress: Since CGPA considers multiple assessments, it reduces the pressure on students to perform exceptionally well in a single exam. Students can make up for lower scores in some subjects by excelling in others.

# Motivation for Consistency: Students are motivated to consistently perform well in all subjects, as a higher CGPA requires balanced performance across the curriculum.

# Comparison and Benchmarking: CGPA allows easy comparison of students’ performance within the same institution and across different institutions. It provides a benchmark for employers and further education institutions.


# Subjective Grading: Different instructors might have varying grading standards, leading to subjectivity in assigning grades. This can impact the accuracy of the CGPA.

# Inflexible Pass/Fail: The CGPA system may not adequately represent students’ mastery of subjects. A student with a high CGPA might not necessarily be proficient in all subjects.

# Lack of Context: CGPA doesn’t consider the difficulty of courses or individual circumstances that might affect a student’s performance. It treats all courses equally.

# Minimal Focus on Practical Skills: The CGPA system tends to emphasize theoretical knowledge over practical skills. Students might focus on rote learning to achieve higher grades.

# Pressure on High Achievers: High-achieving students might face the pressure of maintaining a consistently high CGPA, which can lead to burnout and a narrow focus on academics.

# Limited Feedback: CGPA provides an overall assessment but doesn’t give detailed feedback on specific areas where a student might need improvement.

# Grade Inflation: In some cases, institutions might artificially inflate grades to maintain a positive image or attract students, which can undermine the accuracy of the CGPA.

While the CGPA system offers clarity, flexibility, and holistic evaluation, it also comes with challenges like subjective grading and limited representation of practical skills. Institutions need to strike a balance between using the CGPA system and providing a well-rounded education that prepares students for real-world challenges.

Also Read: Proof of Funds for Canada PR 2023: For Skilled Immigrants with Family?

Conclusion: Converting CGPA into a percentage is a straightforward process that plays a crucial role in representing your academic performance accurately. As educational systems and institutions vary, it’s essential to use the correct conversion formula and adhere to any specific guidelines provided by your institution. Whether you’re applying for a job, scholarship, or further studies, understanding how to convert CGPA into a percentage will help you effectively communicate your achievements to others. If you are looking for more in depth information, visit the IELTS Ninja website.

Content Protection by