TOEFL is an acronym for the Test of English as a Foreign Language. The test is a standard English proficiency exam that measures the proficiency of non-native speakers. A TOEFL score helps universities judge how well foreign students understand English and it’s also used to determine if applicants can qualify for immigration visas. University admissions at some institutions require TOEFL scores as mandatory information of a candidate’s English proficiency.

Students who wish to study overseas are encouraged to take the TOEFL. Those who have obtained their 10+2 certificate are eligible to take the TOEFL.

Many English speaking countries such as the United States, Australia, New Zealand, and The United Kingdom use TOEFL results for educational admission, immigration, licensing and placement. Let’s take a look at TOEFL exam patterns so that you can understand what’s required from you.

TOEFL Exam Pattern

The TOEFL test has been designed for the convenience of students. A candidate who is more comfortable with the paper-pen format can take the TOEFL PBT (Paper–Based Test). Alternatively, individuals who prefer internet-based testing can choose to take the TOEFL iBT (Internet-based Test). The TOEFL PBT scoring system differs from TOEFL iBT scoring.

TOEFL iBT Pattern

There are four sections in the TOEFL iBT test – Reading, Listening, Speaking and Writing.

SECTION 1 – Reading

You will be given three to four passages to choose from and then you will be asked 36 to 56 questions. In this section, all of the questions are multiple-choice questions where one or two of the four choices given are acceptable answers. Academic topics will be covered in the questions and passages.

SECTION 2 – Listening

You’ll hear classroom discussions, lectures, and conversations composed of short audio clips. Multiple-choice, binary, and chart-type questions are asked in this section. A total of 34 to 51 questions are included in this section.

SECTION 3- Speaking

In this section, topics are based on personal experiences, opinions, course topics, or are simply situation-related. There are six given tasks in this section that you must complete.

SECTION 4 – Writing

Separate categories are provided in the writing section – Integrated Writing and Independent Writing.

In the integrated writing section, students must read and listen to a lecture excerpt, and write a passage of approximately 150 words to 225 words within 20 minutes.

You will be given a topic to write about for the Independent Writing section. In 30 minutes, you must write an essay containing at least 300 words based on the information you have gathered.

TOEFL PBT Exam Pattern

There are FOUR sections in the TOEFL PBT – Listening, Structure and Written Expression, Reading, and Writing.

SECTION 1 – Listening

Each candidate must answer 50 questions in 30-40 minutes during the listening portion. In this section, you will find multiple-choice questions. Each listening segment consists of short conversations, long conversations, and lectures or talks segments.

SECTION 2 – Structure and Written Expression

There are 40 questions in the written expression and it has to be answered in 25 minutes. Throughout the examination, there are questions that require students to complete sentences and identify errors in given phrases.

SECTION 3 – Reading

There are 50 multiple choice questions in the reading section. In 55 minutes, you are required to read passages and select the best answers from the available options.

SECTION 4: Writing

You will be required to justify or argue a passage in written English.

Within 30 minutes, you will need to read the context and compose a 250-300 word essay.

Is TOEFL Accepted in Canada?

The TOEFL test is preferred over other English language tests by more than 80% of graduate programs and universities in Canada.

TOEFL scores range from 0-120.  iBT test scores required for the top 15 Canadian universities range from 88 to 94.

Here are the top 15 universities of Canada which accept TOEFL with their QS University rankings. Name of the University QS University Ranking
1 Concordia University 464
2 University of Saskatchewan 461
3 University of Victoria (UVIC) 359
4 University of Ottawa 289
5 Dalhousie University 279
6 Simon Fraser University 264
7 Queen’s University at Kingston 239
8 University of Calgary 229
9 The University of Western Ontario 214
10 University of Waterloo 163
11 McMaster University 146
12 University of Alberta 109
13 University of British Columbia 47
14 McGill University 33
15 University of Toronto 28

15 of Canada’s universities are among the 500 best universities in the world, as shown in this graph. In addition, there are 11 other QS University ranking institutions in Canada that accept TOEFL too.

Is TOEFL Accepted in Canada Immigration?

The number of Indians with permanent residency visas in Canada has grown since Canada has become a preferred destination for both academic and employment opportunities. Based on data from, there are approximately 225,000 Indians who are close to getting a PR Visa. By the year 2021, Indians will account for a considerable share of the total Canadian population, rising to 22% in 2018.

Recent statistics show that Canada will be welcoming 350,000 immigrants soon, and a significant percentage of them will be Indian. Every year, countless skilled workers immigrate to Canada and settle in Ontario, Quebec, Alberta, and various other provinces.

Canada has the following programs for immigrants:

#1. Federal Skilled Worker

#2. Federal Skilled Trades

#3. Canada Experience Class

Unfortunately, TOEFL scores are not considered for immigration in Canada (no matter how high they are), they are only considered for study visas.

Read the following topic to get more clear about Canadian immigration or PR.

Is TOEFL Accepted in Canada for PR?

Yes, the TOEFL Canada score is accepted in Canada for PR. It can be used to improve your CRS score to increase the chances of getting permanent residency. Let’s first look at the points required for Canada PR to understand how a CRS score is given for the immigration process.

Factors to Check Before Applying for Canada PR

A great deal will depend on your profile when it comes to your immigration to Canada on permanent resident status. To apply for a Canada PR visa, you will have to score 67 points under various eligibility requirements.

The application is purely based on the following six factors:

Factor 1: Age (Maximum 12 Points)

The applicant’s age will be taken into account when awarding points. The maximum number of points they can earn is 12. Upon receiving your application, your age will be taken into consideration. You should be 18 or above 18.

Factor 2: Education  (Maximum 25 Points)

The maximum number of points you can earn for your education is 25. An ECA report from an authorized agency is required to prove that you received an overseas education. In an Educational Credential Assessment report, your overseas degree or diploma is evaluated against Canadian education standards.

Factor 3: Experience  (Maximum 15 Points)

You will also receive points for your work experience when applying for residency in Canada. Your full-time paid work experience and the number of hours you worked each week count towards earning points. You can also work part-time. The maximum number of points you may earn for this factor is 15 as quoted by Canada.

Factor 4: Language Skills  (Maximum 28 Points)

It will be helpful for your entry into the Canadian job market if you know English and or French. For your language skills in writing, reading, listening and speaking, you can earn a maximum of 28 points.

Factor 5: Arranged Employment In Canada (Maximum 10 Points)

Getting Canadian immigration points can also be earned by having a job offer from a Canadian employer for a minimum of one year. Before applying to become a federal skilled worker in Canada, you must receive this offer.

Factor 6: Adaptability (Maximum 10 Points)

Depending on your degrees, work experience, and relatives in Canada, you will earn points. Your Common-Law-Partner or spouse can also receive additional points under adaptability if they are immigrating to Canada with you.

Canada uses a points-based selection system to decide whether candidates can immigrate to the country. An eligible potential candidate can now file his/her online application into various immigration programmes of Canada which they think might work best for them (you can check the IELTS Ninja immigration programme for further guidance).

TOEFL is an exam to showcase your English language skill but unfortunately, it is not accepted in determining your CRS score. The Canadian Government only accepts the Canadian English Language Proficiency Index Program and IELTS exam. Hence, if you intend to apply for permanent residency you should consider taking the above exams.


TOEFL exams are accepted in many universities of Canada for higher education but not for immigration or permanent residency.

We hope that the article helped you clear your doubts. If you have any other doubts, you can check out the IELTS Ninja website. By signing in to the website you can get guidance on how to migrate to Canada without any hurdles. Furthermore, it’s a great platform for improving your English proficiency to score better in exams like IELTS or TOEFL.

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Shilpa is a professional web content writer and is in deep love with travelling. She completed her mass communication degree and is now dedicatedly playing with words to guide her readers to get the best for themselves. Developing educational content for UPSC, IELTS aspirants from breakthrough research work is her forte. Strongly driven by her zodiac sign Sagittarius, Shilpa loves to live her life on her own notes and completely agrees with the idea of ‘live and let live. Apart from writing and travelling, most of the time she can be seen in the avatar of 'hooman' mom to her pets and street dogs or else you can also catch her wearing the toque blanche and creating magic in the kitchen on weekends.

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