If you’re preparing for the आईईएलटीएस परीक्षा, you already know that the reading section can be challenging. But don’t worry, with the right approach and practice, you can improve your reading skills and achieve a high score on the test.

In this blog, I’ll be sharing tips and strategies for the IELTS reading test, as well as insights on the types of reading passages you can expect to encounter. Whether you’re a beginner or an advanced reader, you’ll find valuable information and advice that will help you prepare effectively for this important section of the exam.

So, let’s get started and explore the world of आईईएलटीएस पढ़ना together!

IELTS Reading Passage – Early Occupations Around the River Thames Reading Answers


In her pioneering survey, Sources of London English, Laura Wright has listed the variety of medieval workers who took their lives from the river Thames. The bellies of Queenhithe and Billingsgate acted as customs officers. There were conservators, who were responsible for maintaining the embankments and the weirs, and there were the garthmen who worked in the fish garths (enclosures). 

Then there were galleymen and lightermen and shoutmen, called after the names of their boats, and there were hookers who were named after the manner in which they caught their fish. The searcher patrolled the Thames in search of illegal fish weirs, and the tideman worked on its banks and foreshores whenever the tide permitted him to do so.


All of these occupations persisted for many centuries, as did those jobs that depended upon the trade of the river. Yet, it was not easy to work for any of the workers. They carried most goods upon their backs since the rough surfaces of the quays and nearby streets were not suitable for wagons or large carts; the merchandise characteristically arrived in barrels which could be rolled from the ship along each quay. 

If the burden was too great to be carried by a single man, then the goods were slung on poles resting on the shoulders of two men. It was a slow and expensive method of business.


However, up to the eighteenth century, river work was seen in a generally favourable light. For Langland, writing in the fourteenth century, the labourers working on river merchandise were relatively prosperous. And the porters of the seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries were, if anything, aristocrats of labour, enjoying high status. 

However, in the years from the late eighteenth to the early nineteenth century, there was a marked change in attitude. This was in part because the working river was within the region of the East End of London, which in this period acquired an unenviable reputation. By now, dockside labour was considered to be the most disreputable, and certainly the least desirable form of work.


It could be said that the first industrial community in England grew up around the Thames. With the host of river workers themselves, as well as the vast assembly of ancillary trades such as tavern-keepers and laundresses, food sellers and street-hawkers, shopkeepers and marine store dealers – there was a workforce of many thousands congregated in a relatively small area. 

There were more varieties of businesses to be observed by the riverside than, in any other part of the city. As a result, with the possible exception of the area known as Seven Dials, the East End was also the most intensively inhabited region of London.


It was a world apart, with its own language and its own laws. From the sailors in the opium dens of Limehouse to the smugglers on the malarial flats of the estuary, the workers of the river were not part of any civilised society. The alien world of the river had entered them. 

That alienation was also expressed in the slang of the docks, which essentially amounted to backslang, or the reversal of ordinary words. This backslang also helped in the formulation of Cockney rhyming slang*, so that the vocabulary of Londoners was directly’affected by the life of the Thames.


The reports in the nineteenth-century press reveal a heterogeneous world of dock labour, in which the crowds of casuals waiting for work at the dock gates at 7.45 a.m. include penniless refugees, bankrupts, old soldiers, broken-down gentlemen, discharged servants, and ex-convicts. 

There were some 400-500 permanent workers who earned a regular wage and who were considered to be the patricians of dockside labour. However, there were some 2,500 casual workers who were hired by the shift. The work for which they competed fiercely had become ever more unpleasant. 

Steam power could not be used for the cranes, for example, because of the danger of fire. So the cranes were powered by treadmills. Six to eight men entered a wooden cylinder and, laying hold of ropes, would tread the wheel round. They could lift nearly 20 tonnes to an average height of 27 feet (8.2 metres), forty times in an hour. This was part of the life of the river unknown to those who were intent upon its more picturesque aspects.

Early Occupations Around the River Thames IELTS Reading Answers & Questions

Questions 14-19

Reading Passage 2 has SIX paragraphs, A-F.

Choose the correct heading, A-F, from the list of headings below.

Write the correct number, i-ix. 

List of Headings

मैं         A mixture of languages and nationalities

ii        The creation of an exclusive identity

तृतीय       The duties involved in various occupations

चतुर्थ       An unprecedented population density

वी        Imports and exports transported by river

छठी       Transporting heavy loads manually

vii      Temporary work for large numbers of people

आठवीं     Hazards associated with riverside work

नौवीं       The changing status of riverside occupations

14 Paragraph  

15 Paragraph बी 

16 Paragraph सी 

17 Paragraph डी 

18 Paragraph  

19 Paragraph एफ 

Early Occupations Around the River Thames IELTS Reading Answers & Questions

Questions 20-21

चुनना TWO letters, A-E.

Write the correct letters.

कौन TWO statements are made about work by the River Thames before the eighteenth century?

  Goods were transported from the river by cart.

बी   The workforce was very poorly paid.

सी   Occupations were specialised.

डी   Workers were generally looked down upon.

  Physical strength was required.

Questions 22-23

चुनना TWO letters, A-E.

Write the correct letters.

कौन TWO statements are made about life by the River Thames in the early nineteenth century?

ए   The area was very crowded.

बी   There was an absence of crime.

सी   Casual work was in great demand.

डी   Several different languages were in use.

  Inhabitants were known for their friendliness.

Questions 24-26

Complete the sentences below.

Use NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from the passage for each answer.

24 In the nineteenth century, only a minority of dock workers received a ___________

25 Cranes were operated manually because  ___________  created a risk of fire.

26 Observers who were unfamiliar with London’s docks found the River Thames  ___________


In the IELTS reading exam, the conclusion is an important part of answering the questions. It is essential to read the passage thoroughly and understand the main points and ideas presented. This will enable you to summarize the information and draw conclusions that will help you answer the questions accurately.

When answering the questions, it is important to refer back to the passage and use evidence to support your answers. You should avoid making assumptions or relying on your own knowledge or opinions.

Overall, the IELTS reading passage is designed to test your comprehension skills, so it’s important to approach it with a clear strategy and practice regularly to improve your reading speed and accuracy. By doing so, you will be able to effectively analyze and answer the questions, and achieve a high score on the exam.

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