This article contains a recent IELTS Writing task 2 question appeared in the year 2017.
More & more people are moving away from an agricultural background to relocate to cities in order to look for work. What will be the consequences of this? What solution can you offer ?
I am attaching a model answer for writing task 2 for the given question here.
Cities are often viewed as hub of opportunities which accelerates the phenomena of rural -urban migration. economies undergo structural transformations. The movement of people primarily for better employment opportunities becomes inevitable. If properly managed, this trend can be safe else it might culminate into a gradual degradation . Specially, of the farming fraternity.
The impact of migration brings both opportunities & challenges for area of origin. Also, transit & destination. To begin with, the rural areas will risk losing the younger & more often dynamic . The share of their workforce will improve. Whereas the urban destination on the other hand can impose a challenge for local authorities. Specially, to provide quality public services for not only the migrants. And, also of the already existing population. This will further strain the natural resource base.
Initiatives needs to be undertaken before the situation gets out of control. The government must work to create alternative & sustainable livelihood options. Especially,in rural areas with special focus on women & youth. For example, how promoting local industries at the district level & later on by focusing on the town level can help mitigate the consequences. Providing 24 hours electricity, good education with moral values & basic infrastructure. Examples.such as good roadways & transport system. They will make it easily accessible to the rural population & thereby prevent this demographic shift.
To conclude with, root cause of distress migration is am important thing to find out. And resolve the problem before the farming community gets into a further precarious situation.